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National Geologic Map Database
Geologic Unit: Saluda
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda bed
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Foerste, A.F., 1902, The Cincinnati anticline in southern Kentucky: American Geologist, v. 30, p. 357-369.


Summary:

Named Saluda bed for Saluda Creek, Jefferson Co., IN. Name replaces Madison bed, which was preempted. Typical exposures of Saluda, however, remain at Madison, Jefferson Co., IN.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda limestone
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Limestone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Butts, Charles, 1915, Geology and mineral resources of Jefferson County, Kentucky: Kentucky Geological Survey [Report], 4th series, v. 3, pt. 2, 270 p.


Summary:

Saluda extended into KY where it is called the Saluda limestone of Richmond group. Composed almost wholly of sandy and highly magnesian limestone. Commonly close to 40 ft thick. Underlain by Liberty formation; overlain by Brassfield limestone.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda member
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Stout, Wilber, Ver Steeg, Karl, and Lamb, G.F., 1943, Geology of water in Ohio: Ohio Division of Geological Survey Bulletin, 4th series, no. 44, 694 p.


Summary:

Called Saluda Member of Whitewater Formation in OH.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Patton, J.B., Perry, T.G., and Wayne, W.J., 1953, Ordovician stratigraphy and the physiography of part of southeastern Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Field Conference Guidebook, no. 6, 29 p.


Summary:

Pl. 1. Saluda formation of Richmond group. Shown on generalized stratigraphic column of Ordovician and Silurian rocks exposed in Jefferson and Switzerland Counties, [eastern] Indiana (J.J. Galloway, J.B. Patton, and T.G. Perry, compilers, April 1953). Consists of drab-gray, granular, massive to thin-bedded, impure dolomitic limestone. Weathers to banded, buff and salmon surface. Thickness 40 to 65 feet. Overlies Liberty formation and underlies Whitewater formation (both of Richmond group). Fossils [listed]. Coral masses at base. Age is Late Ordovician (Cincinnatian).

Source: Publication; US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 3421-3422).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda Member
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Fox, W.T., 1962, Stratigraphy and paleoecology of the Richmond Group in southeastern Indiana: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 73, no. 5, p. 621-642.


Summary:

Called Saluda Member of Whitewater Formation. Underlain by lower member of Whitewater; overlain by upper member of Whitewater.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda Dolomite Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Dolomite
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Peterson, W.L., 1966, Geologic map of the New Haven quadrangle, Nelson and LaRue Counties, Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map, GQ-506, scale 1:24,000 [http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_977.htm]


Summary:

Saluda Limestone reduced in rank to Saluda Dolomite Member and assigned to Drakes Formation. Consists of greenish-gray, very fine-grained, slightly argillaceous, thick-bedded, faintly banded dolomite, weathers massive to platy, fossils sparse and poorly preserved. 12 to 25 ft thick. Underlain with gradational contact by unnamed member of Drakes Formation [subsequently named the Bardstown Member]; overlain by Brassfield Dolomite.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Dolomite
    • Limestone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Hatfield, C.B., 1968, Stratigraphy and paleoecology of the Saluda Formation (Cincinnatian) in Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 95, 34 p.


Summary:

Called Saluda Formation. Composed chiefly of limestone and dolomite. Underlain by Tanners Creek Formation and overlain by Whitewater formation in IN.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda Dolomite Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda Formation*, Dolomite Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Wahlman, G.P., 1992, Middle and Upper Ordovician symmetrical univalved mollusks (Monoplacophora and Bellerophontina) of the Cincinnati arch region, IN Pojeta, John, Jr., ed., Contributions to the Ordovician paleontology of Kentucky and nearby states: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1066-O, p. O1-O203.


Summary:

The Saluda is considered a formation in southeastern IN and is a member of the Drakes Formation in south-central KY. The Saluda Dolomite Member of the Drakes on the western side of the Cincinnati arch consists of 75 ft of dolomite and calcareous dolomite that overlies the Bardstown Member of the Drakes. The Saluda Formation in southeastern IN consists of dolomitic mudstone with a coral-rich zone at the base and a coral-stromatoporoid-rich zone at the top. The Saluda Formation in Indiana conformably overlies the Dillsboro Formation and conformably underlies the Whitewater Formation, or where the Whitewater is absent, it unconformably underlies the Silurian Brassfield Formation. The Saluda is of Late Ordovician (Richmondian) age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • "Saluda"
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Holland, S.M., 1993, Sequence stratigraphy of a carbonate-clastic ramp; the Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician in its type area): Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, no. 3, p. 306-322.


Summary:

The Cincinnatian Series is divided into five depositional sequences in this report, which correspond to lithostratigraphic units. The following stratigraphic names in KY should be abandoned as they have been applied to bodies of rock already named in downramp areas of OH and IN: Bardstown (=Lower Whitewater), Reba (=Oregonia), Stingy Creek (=Mount Auburn), Calloway Creek (=Bellevue), and Clays Ferry (=Fairview). The following units in KY, OH, and IN lump dissimilar facies and straddle sequence boundaries and therefore should be abandoned: Drakes, Ashlock, Dillsboro, Tanners Creek, and Bull Fork. Grant Lake has been defined in several different ways and consequently should be abandoned. Several units will be redefined at a later date, including the Upper Whitewater and the "Sunset" and "Saluda" of OH and IN. Formal naming of new lithostratigraphic units will follow further study.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Saluda Formation*, Dolomite Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Frey, R.C., 1995, Middle and Upper Ordovician nautiloid cephalopods of the Cincinnati arch region of Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio, IN Pojeta, John, Jr., ed., Contributions to the Ordovician paleontology of Kentucky and nearby states: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1066-P, p. P1-P126.


Summary:

Saluda Formation (and its Hitz Limestone Member) used in southeastern IN and Saluda Dolomite Member (and its Hitz Limestone Bed) of Drakes Formation used in KY. Age is refined to Cincinnatian (Richmondian).

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

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