U.S. Geological Survey Home AASG Logo USGS HOME CONTACT USGS SEARCH USGS
National Geologic Map Database
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Whitewater beds
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Limestone
    • Shale
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Nickles, J.M., 1903, The Richmond group in Ohio and Indiana and its subdivisions, with a note on the genus Strophomena and its type: American Geologist, v. 32, p. 202-218.


Summary:

Named the Whitewater beds of the Richmond group for the Whitewater River, at Richmond, Wayne Co., southeastern IN. Unit also recognized in southwestern OH. Consists of brownish or yellowish (sometimes bluish), thin-bedded limestone and shale. Unit has a nodular appearance. Thickness is 45 to 50 ft. Overlies the Liberty beds and underlies the Madison [Saluda] formation. The Whitewater is of Late Ordovician age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Whitewater Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Shrake, D.L., Schumacher, G.A., and Swinford, E.M., 1988, Field guidebook to the stratigraphy, sedimentology, and paleontology of the Upper Ordovician Cincinnati Group of southwest Ohio: Ohio Division of Geological Survey, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, 5th Midyear meeting, 81 p.


Summary:

The Geological Survey of Ohio recognizes the Cincinnati Group proposed by Meek and Worthen (1865), but at this time retains it as an informal term. The unit will be formally reinstated as a lithostratigraphic term after revision of its lower boundary and minor lithologic redescription of its units are completed. The ten formations included in the group are the (ascending) Clays Ferry Formation, Kope Formation, Fairview Formation, Miamitown Shale, Grant Lake Limestone, Arnheim Formation, Waynesville Formation, Liberty Formation, Whitewater Formation, and Drakes Formation. Six members have been identified in the course of field mapping: the Point Pleasant Tongue of the Clays Ferry, the informal Bellevue, Corryville, Mount Auburn, and Straight Creek members of the Grant Lake Limestone, and the Preachersville Member of the Drakes Formation. The Backbone Creek and Elk Creek beds are recognized as excellent stratigraphic marker beds.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Whitewater Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Wahlman, G.P., 1992, Middle and Upper Ordovician symmetrical univalved mollusks (Monoplacophora and Bellerophontina) of the Cincinnati arch region, IN Pojeta, John, Jr., ed., Contributions to the Ordovician paleontology of Kentucky and nearby states: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1066-O, p. O1-O203.


Summary:

The Whitewater Formation in southeastern IN consists of interbedded thin-bedded, argillaceous, fossiliferous limestone, thin-bedded ostracodal limestone, medium-bedded, relatively unfossiliferous limestone, rubbly weathering, argillaceous limestone, and shale. Fossils include brachiopods, bryozoans, and mollusks. Overlies the Saluda Formation and unconformably underlies the Silurian Brassfield Formation. The Whitewater is of Late Ordovician (Richmondian) age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Whitewater
  • Modifications:
    • Not used
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch
Publication:

Holland, S.M., 1993, Sequence stratigraphy of a carbonate-clastic ramp; the Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician in its type area): Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, no. 3, p. 306-322.


Summary:

The Cincinnatian Series is divided into five depositional sequences in this report, which correspond to lithostratigraphic units. The following stratigraphic names in KY should be abandoned as they have been applied to bodies of rock already named in downramp areas of OH and IN: Bardstown (=lower Whitewater), Reba (=Oregonia), Stingy Creek (=Mount Auburn), Calloway Creek (=Bellevue), and Clays Ferry (=Fairview). The following units in KY, OH, and IN lump dissimilar facies and straddle sequence boundaries and therefore should be abandoned: Drakes, Ashlock, Dillsboro, Tanners Creek, and Bull Fork. Grant Lake has been defined in several different ways and consequently should be abandoned. Several units will be redefined at a later date, including the upper part of the Whitewater and the "Sunset" and "Saluda" of OH and IN. Formal naming of new lithostratigraphic units will follow further study.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Whitewater Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cincinnati arch

Search archives

For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates usage by the U.S. Geological Survey. Other usages by state geological surveys.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

Slash (/) indicates name does not conform with nomenclatural guidelines (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). This may be explained within brackets ([ ]).