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Geologic Unit: Reynolds
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds sandstone member*
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Sandstone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Ashley, G.H., and Glenn, L.C., 1906, Cumberland Gap coal field, Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 49, 239 p. [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/pp/pp49]


Summary:

Pg. 31, 33, 43. Reynolds sandstone member of Hignite formation. Massive cliff-making sandstone, 50 to 100 feet thick, in Hignite formation, lying 180 feet above base of formation. Age is Pennsylvanian.
[Named from Hanging Rock of Reynolds Mountain, Bell Co., southeastern KY. Extends into northeastern TN.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 1801).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds sandstone member*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Wanless, H.R., 1946, Pennsylvanian geology of a part of the southern Appalachian coal field: Geological Society of America Memoir, 13, 162 p.


Summary:

Pg. 31, 33, 43. Reynolds sandstone member of Hignite formation. Massive locally conglomeratic sandstone. In Hignite formation between High Splint coal above and Fossil limestone.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 3254).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds sandstone member*
  • Modifications:
    • Mapped
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Englund, K.J., Smith, H.L., Harris, L.D., and Stephens, J.G., 1961, Geology of the Ewing quadrangle, Kentucky and Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map, GQ-172, scale 1:24,000, See also USGS Bull. 1142-B, p. B1-B23 [http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_20876.htm]


Summary:

Reynolds sandstone member of Hignite Formation. Fine-grained, light-gray, thick-bedded to massive, micaceous sandstone. Thickness 60 to 80 feet.

Source: Modified from GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds Sandstone Member(?)*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Miller, R.L., 1969, Pennsylvanian formations of southwest Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1280, 62 p.


Summary:

Reynolds Sandstone Member tentatively identified in Virginia and assigned to Wise Formation. [Age is Middle Pennsylvanian].

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds Sandstone Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

McDowell, R.C., Grabowski, G.J., Jr., and Moore, S.L., 1981, Geologic map of Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey [State Geologic Map], scale 1:250,000


Summary:

Reynolds Sandstone Member of Hignite Formation reassigned as member of Breathitt Formation.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds Sandstone Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Rice, C.L., and Hiett, J.K., 1994, Revised correlation chart of coal beds, coal zones, and key stratigraphic units in the Pennsylvanian rocks of eastern Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map, MF-2275, 1 sheet.


Summary:

Reynolds Sandstone Member of Breathitt Formation. Sandstone in middle part of Breathitt Formation below the Morris (or No. 11) coal bed and above Magoffin Member. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian.
Recognized locally in Upper Cumberland River district, southeastern KY.

Source: Publication.


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Reynolds Sandstone Member
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Ruppert, L.F., Trippi, M.H., and Slucher, E.R., 2010, Correlation chart of Pennsylvanian rocks in Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland, and Pennsylvania showing approximate position of coal beds, coal zones, and key stratigraphic units: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report, SIR-2010-5152.


Summary:

Corr. chart. Reynolds Sandstone Member of Four Corners Formation of Breathitt Group (KY); Reynolds Sandstone Member of Wise Formation (VA). In southeastern Kentucky, is a member in lower part of Four Corners Formation; lies below Low Splint (Morris, No. 11) coal bed and above Magoffin Member of Four Corners Formation. In southwestern Virginia, is a member in upper part of Wise Formation; lies below Morris coal zone and above Magoffin Member of Wise Formation. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Westphalian; Atokan).
[Correlates with beds below the Winifrede coal and above the Hazard No. 4 coal, which Peppers (1996, GSA Memoir 188, p. 9, pl.) placed in Westphalian C, TORISPORA SECURIS-T. LAEVIGATA (SL) miospore assemblage zone of western Europe. Eble and others (2009, Kentucky Geol. Survey, ser. XII, Spec. Pub. 10, fig. 5.2) placed the Winifrede coal zone of West Virginia at the Duckmantian/Bolsovian (Westphalian B/C) boundary on basis of miospores. Unpublished collections from overlying Stoney Fork Member of Princess Formation in Kentucky, and its equivalents, informal Lake City member of Cross Mountain Formation in Tennessee and Blunt Run (Boggs) limestone of Pottsville Group in Ohio, yielded distinctive conodonts correlative with the marine Aegir bed (=base of Westphalian C) thus shifting the Four Corners, Vowell Mountain, lower part of Cross Mountain, and upper part of Pottsville, downward into Westphalian B (R.G. Stamm, USGS, pers. commun., Oct. 17, 2013).]
[See also Chesnut, 1997 (revised Oct. 12, 1999), Stratigraphy of the coal-bearing strata of the Eastern Kentucky coal field, available online through the Kentucky Geol. Survey (http://www.uky.edu/KGS/coal/coalcorrel.htm) and geologic descriptions of stratigraphic units in the Kentucky Geological Survey database (http://kgs.uky.edu/kgsmap/KGSLitho/lithoSearch.asp#). See also entry under Magoffin.]

Source: Publication.


For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates published by U.S. Geological Survey authors.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

Slash (/) indicates name does not conform with nomenclatural guidelines (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). This may be explained within brackets ([ ]).