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National Geologic Map Database
Geologic Unit: Grape Creek
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek bed
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Limestone
    • Clay
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
    • Llano uplift
Publication:

Drake, N.F., 1893, Report on the Colorado coal field of Texas, IN Fourth annual report of the Geological Survey of Texas, 1892: Geological Survey of Texas Annual Report, v. 4, p. 357-444. [Available online from the University of Texas-Austin library: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/books/dumble/]


Summary:

Pg. 412, 427. Grape Creek bed in Albany division. Mostly light-gray or dove-colored, rather friable fossiliferous limestone, with more or less clay in southern and northern parts of field. Thickness 100 to 150 feet. Member of Albany division [Albany is uppermost of 5 Carboniferous divisions of Cummins, 1891]. Underlies Talpa bed and overlies Bed No. 12 (12 to 75 feet of clay). Age is possibly Permian.
[Named from Grape Creek, Coleman Co., Colorado River region, central TX.]

Source: Publication; US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 857).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
    • Permian basin
Publication:

Beede, J.W., and Waite, V.V., 1918, The geology of Runnels County, [Texas]: University of Texas Bulletin, no. 1816, 64 p.


Summary:

Grape Creek formation, 130 feet thick, underlies Talpa formation and overlies Bead Mountain formation [in which bed No. 12 seems to be included]. Grape Creek formation is distinguished from Bead Mountain beds by paucity of worm and SYRINGOPORA remains, the introduction of Mollusca and Molluscoidea, and, most noticeably, by nature of bedding of rocks. [Age is Permian.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 857).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek shale and limestone bed
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
Publication:

Plummer, F.B., and Moore, R.C., 1922, Stratigraphy of the Pennsylvanian formations of north-central Texas: University of Texas Bulletin, no. 2132, 237 p.


Summary:

Pg. 197, 198. Grape Creek shale and limestone bed is basal member of Clyde formation (of Wichita group). Underlies Talpa limestone and overlies Bead Mountain limestone, top member of Belle Plains formation. [Age is Permian.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 857).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
Publication:

Cheney, M.G., 1940, Geology of north-central Texas: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 24, no. 1, p. 65-118. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Pg. 66 (fig. 1). Grape Creek formation of Clyde group. Given formational status in the Clyde herein given group status. [Age is Permian.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1576).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek limestone member*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
    • Mapped
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
Publication:

Moore, R.C., 1949, Rocks of Permian(?) age in the Colorado River Valley, north-central Texas: U.S. Geological Survey Oil and Gas Investigations Preliminary Map, OM-80, scale 1:63,360


Summary:

Sheet 2. Grape Creek limestone member of Clyde formation. In Colorado River Valley, member constitutes lower three-fifths of formation. Consists of thin beds of uniform blue-gray limestone. Thickness uniformly about 325 feet. Underlies Talpa limestone member; overlies Bead Mountain limestone member of Belle Plains formation. Division of Clyde into members in this area is not as natural as in the area north of Abilene; in this mapped area they might appropriately be treated as formations. Fossiliferous (DICTYOCLOSTUS, PINNA, BELLEROPHON). Age is Early Permian (Leonard?).

Source: Publication; US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1576).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek limestone member*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
Publication:

Stafford, P.T., 1960, Stratigraphy of the Wichita group in part of the Brazos River Valley, north Texas, IN Contributions to general geology, 1958: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1081-G, p. 261-280, (incl. geologic map, scale 1:125,000)


Summary:

Pg. 275. Grape Creek limestone member of Clyde formation. In Brazos River Valley, is 20 to 45 feet thick, and consists of upper and lower limestone beds separated by shale. Limestone beds range from 2 to 8 feet in thickness, and shale from 15 to 40 feet. Overlies unnamed shale at base of formation; separated from overlying Talpa limestone member by unnamed shale member. [Age is Permian.]

Source: Publication; US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1576).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Grape Creek Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Mapped
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Bend arch
Publication:

Barnes, V.E. (project director), 1987, Geologic atlas of Texas, Wichita Falls-Lawton sheet: University of Texas-Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology Geologic Atlas of Texas, scale 1:250,000, Alfred Sherwood Romer memorial edition [Also available in GIS format: Texas Comm. Env. Quality (TCEQ), Austin, TX, 15-minute Digital GAT (Geologic Atlas of Texas) Quads, v. 3/01/2004, NW CD-ROM. GIS files, browse graphics: http://www.beg.utexas.edu/mainweb/services/15minquads.htm]


Summary:

Grape Creek Formation of Albany Group. Shale and limestone, 100 to 120 feet thick. Underlies Talpa Formation and overlies Bead Mountain Formation, both of Albany. Equivalent to middle part of Waggoner Ranch Formation (new) of Wichita Group. Earlier workers included these rocks in Clyde Formation. Fossils. Age is Early Permian (Leonard).
Geographic extent arbitrarily placed along North Fork of Little Wichita River; [notable exposures south of Wichita River, in Baylor and Throckmorton Cos.]

Source: Publication.


For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates published by U.S. Geological Survey authors.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

Slash (/) indicates name does not conform with nomenclatural guidelines (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). This may be explained within brackets ([ ]).