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Geologic Unit: Java
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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Java formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Shale
    • Sandstone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

de Witt, Wallace, Jr., 1960, Java formation of Late Devonian age in western and central New York: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 44, no. 12, p. 1933-1936. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Named Java formation for cyclically deposited Upper Devonian rocks in western and central NY that have been described previously as Wiscoy sandstone and equivalent Hanover shale. Thicknesses are 94 ft at Silver Creek, 113 ft at Java, 165 ft at Wiscoy, 185 ft in western Steuben Co., and more than 200 ft in central and eastern Steuben Co. Recognizable from Silver Creek, Chautauqua Co., eastward for more that 120 mi across parts of Cattaraugus, Erie, Wyoming, Allegany, Ontario, and Steuben Cos. Comprises Pipe Creek shale, Hanover shale, and Wiscoy sandstone members. In western part of State, offshore shale and mudrock facies, Pipe Creek and Hanover members are dominant; in central part of State, near-shore siltstone and sandstone facies, Wiscoy sandstone, is dominant. The Java overlies the West Falls formation and underlies the Perrysburg formation. Unit is of Late Devonian age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Java Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

de Witt, Wallace, Jr., and Roen, J.B., 1985, Correlation and geographic extent of some Middle and Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian black shales in the Appalachian basin, IN Stratigraphic notes, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1605-A, p. A45-A57.


Summary:

Java Formation (as its Pipe Creek Shale Member) extended from southwestern NY and western PA into eastern OH, western WV, eastern KY, western VA, and eastern TN.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Java Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

de Witt, Wallace, Jr., Roen, J.B., and Wallace, L.G., 1993, Stratigraphy of Devonian black shales and associated rocks in the Appalachian basin, IN Roen, J.B., and Kepferle, R.C., eds., Petroleum geology of the Devonian and Mississippian black shale of eastern North America: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1909-B, p. B1-B57.


Summary:

In outcrop in western NY, the Java consists of a basal black shale, the Pipe Creek Shale Member, and an overlying gray shale and mudrock with scattered beds of black shale and siltstone, and abundant limestone nodules, the Hanover Shale Member. The Pipe Creek thins to the east and feathers out in northern Stuben Co. The Hanover, however, thickens to the east and grades laterally into the Wiscoy Sandstone Member. The Pipe Creek rarely exceeds 25 ft in thickness, but makes up much of the radioactive black shale in the Java. In the subsurface, it extends south from western NY about 450 mi to Scott Co., VA. It thins to a featheredge in OH, KY, and TN. The Hanover is recognizable in the subsurface southward from western NY to eastern KY and adjacent southwestern VA and northeastern TN. Where the Pipe Creek pinches out, the Hanover cannot be separated from the Angola Shale Member of the West Falls Formation. The two grade westward into the upper part of the Olentangy Shale in central OH, and in central TN, the combined shales are equivalent to the upper unit of the Dowelltown Member of the Chattanooga Shale.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Java Shale Member
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Dennison, J.M., Filer, J.K., and Rossbach, T.J., 1994, Upper Devonian outcrop stratigraphy along the Appalachian basin margin in southeastern West Virginia and southwestern Virginia and implications for hydrocarbon exploration, IN Schultz, A.P., and Rader, E.K., eds., Studies in eastern energy and the environment: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication, no. 132, p. 43-49., See also 1994 AAPG Eastern Section Spec. Vol. (Williamsburg, VA, Sept. 19-21, 1993)


Summary:

Cross section between Norton and Asberrys, VA, in the Clinch Mountain outcrop belt shows more detailed divisions of Chattanooga Shale than previously indicated. Base of Chattanooga marked by Belpre Ash. Ascending, members are Rhinestreet Shale, Angola Shale, Java Shale (which contains the Center Hill Ash), Dunkirk Shale Tongue of Huron Shale Member and remaining upper part of Huron, Three Lick Bed, Cleveland Shale Member, and Sunbury Shale Member. According to authors, divisions are based on careful outcrop description and outcrop gamma-ray log. Divisions can be traced by borehole gamma-ray logs to their type areas in OH and NY.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Java Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Biostratigraphic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Over, D.J., 1997, Conodont biostratigraphy of the Java Formation (Upper Devonian) and the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in western New York State, IN Klapper, Gil, and others, eds., Paleozoic sequence stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, and biogeography; Studies in honor of J. Granville ("Jess") Johnson: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 321, p. 161-177.


Summary:

Java Formation of West Falls Group. Includes (descending) Hanover Shale Member and Pipe Creek Shale Member. Overlies Angola Formation of West Falls Group; underlies Dunkirk Shale of Canadaway Group. Age is Late Devonian (late Frasnian to earliest Famennian; conodont biozones MN 12 to Middle TRIANGULARIS).

Source: Publication.


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