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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pipe Creek black shale
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Shale
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Chadwick, G.H., 1923, Chemung stratigraphy in western New York: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 34, no. 1, p. 68-69.


Summary:

Pipe Creek black shale underlies Hanover shale and overlies Portage (Nunda) sandstone. Traceable from Lake Erie to Genesee River. Only 2 feet thick on Walnut Creek, but thickens eastward. [See entry under Silver Creek shale.]

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pipe Creek Shale Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

de Witt, Wallace, Jr., and Roen, J.B., 1985, Correlation and geographic extent of some Middle and Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian black shales in the Appalachian basin, IN Stratigraphic notes, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1605-A, p. A45-A57.


Summary:

Pipe Creek Shale Member of Java Formation extended from southwestern New York into western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio, western West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, westernmost Virginia, and northeastern Tennessee.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pipe Creek Shale Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

de Witt, Wallace, Jr., Roen, J.B., and Wallace, L.G., 1993, Stratigraphy of Devonian black shales and associated rocks in the Appalachian basin, IN Roen, J.B., and Kepferle, R.C., eds., Petroleum geology of the Devonian and Mississippian black shale of eastern North America: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1909-B, p. B1-B57.


Summary:

In outcrop in western NY, the Java consists of a basal black shale, the Pipe Creek Shale Member, and an overlying gray shale and mudrock with scattered beds of black shale and siltstone, and abundant limestone nodules, the Hanover Shale Member. The Pipe Creek thins to the east and feathers out in northern Stuben Co. The Hanover, however, thickens to the east and grades laterally into the Wiscoy Sandstone Member. The Pipe Creek rarely exceeds 25 ft in thickness, but makes up much of the radioactive black shale in the Java. In the subsurface, it extends south from western NY about 450 mi to Scott Co., VA. It thins to a featheredge in OH, KY, and TN. The Hanover is recognizable in the subsurface southward from western NY to eastern KY and adjacent southwestern VA and northeastern TN. Where the Pipe Creek pinches out, the Hanover cannot be separated from the Angola Shale Member of the West Falls Formation. The two grade westward into the upper part of the Olentangy Shale in central OH, and in central TN, the combined shales are equivalent to the upper unit of the Dowelltown Member of the Chattanooga Shale.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pipe Creek Shale Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Biostratigraphic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Over, D.J., 1997, Conodont biostratigraphy of the Java Formation (Upper Devonian) and the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in western New York State, IN Klapper, Gil, and others, eds., Paleozoic sequence stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, and biogeography; Studies in honor of J. Granville ("Jess") Johnson: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 321, p. 161-177.


Summary:

Pg. 163-166. Pipe Creek Shale Member of Java Formation of West Falls Group. Persistent black petroliferous shale; thickness 4.8 to 6.2 m. Underlies Hanover Shale Member of Java Formation; overlies Angola Formation of West Falls Group. Carries conodonts PALMATOLEPIS WINCHELLI (Stauffer), P. aff. P. HASSI Muller and Muller, and POLYGNATHUS SAMUELI Klapper and Lane. Age is Late Devonian (late Frasnian; Montagne Noire (MN) zone 12 of Klapper, 1989).

Source: Publication.


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