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Geologic Unit: Hesse
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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse sandstone*
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Sandstone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Keith, Arthur, 1895, Knoxville folio, Tennessee-North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Atlas of the United States Folio, GF-16, 6 p., scale 1:125,000


Summary:

Pg. 3. Hesse sandstone [of Chilhowee group]. Fine, white, massive sandstone, formed of round quartz grains. Thickness more than 500 feet. Overlies Murray shale. Underlies Apison shale. [In parts of northeastern Tennessee is overlain by Shady dolomite.] Age is Early Cambrian.
[Named from Hesse Creek near Chilhowee Mountain, Blockhouse quadrangle, Blount Co., eastern TN. Extends into western NC.]

Source: US geologic names lexicons (USGS Bull. 896, p. 948; supplemental information from USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1748).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse sandstone‚Ć
  • Modifications:
    • Abandoned
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Resser, C.E., 1938, Cambrian System (restricted) of the southern Appalachians: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 15, 140 p.


Summary:

Hesse sandstone abandoned; evidently a synonym of Erwin quartzite.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse quartzite
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Oriel, S.S., 1950, Geology and mineral resources of the Hot Springs Window, Madison County, North Carolina: North Carolina Division of Mineral Resources Bulletin, no. 60, 70 p.


Summary:

Two sets of formation names for Lower Cambrian clastic rocks are in use in eastern TN and western NC. Northeastern TN names Unicoi, Hampton, and Erwin are used in this report for same rocks Keith (1904) and Stose and Stose (1947) called Cochran, Nebo, Murray, and Hesse, all defined by Keith (1895) in Chilhowee Mountain area, Blount and Sevier Cos., TN. Hot Springs, NC, lies midway between type localities for each group of names. Hampton and Erwin formations, as used in this report, include Hesse quartzite.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse sandstone*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Rodgers, John, 1953, Geologic map of east Tennessee with explanatory text: Tennessee Division of Geology Bulletin, no. 58, pt. 2, 167 p.


Summary:

Table shows Helenmode member at top of Hesse sandstone.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse quartzite*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

King, P.B., Hadley, J.B., Neuman, R.B., and Hamilton, Warren, 1958, Stratigraphy of the Ocoee series, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee and North Carolina: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 69, no. 8, p. 947-966.


Summary:

Chilhowee group as a whole is classed as Cambrian and Precambrian(?). Helenmode formation at top is Cambrian based on fossils; remaining unfossiliferous formations [including Hesse quartzite] are Precambrian(?).

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse quartzite member*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

King, P.B., and Ferguson, H.W., 1960, Geology of northeasternmost Tennessee, with a section on the description of the basement rocks by Warren Hamilton: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 311, 136 p., Prepared in cooperation with Tennessee Div. Geol [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/pp/pp311]


Summary:

In northeasternmost TN and adjacent VA, considered Hesse quartzite member of Erwin formation of Early Cambrian age. Overlies Murray shale member; underlies Helenmode member.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse quartzite*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Neuman, R.B., and Wilson, R.L., 1960, Geology of the Blockhouse quadrangle, Tennessee: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map, GQ-131, scale 1:24,000 [http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_578.htm]


Summary:

Age of Hesse quartzite is Lower Cambrian(?). Overlies Murray shale; underlies Helenmode formation.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse Quartzite*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Laurence, R.A., and Palmer, A.R., 1963, Age of the Murray Shale and Hesse Quartzite on Chilhowee Mountain, Blount County, Tennessee, IN Short papers in geology and hydrology: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 475-C, p. C53-C54.


Summary:

Ostracode INDIANA TENNESSEENSIS (Resser) found in lower part of Murray Shale on Chilhowee Mountain confirms Early Cambrian age for Murray Shale and overlying Hesse Quartzite. Previous age was Early Cambrian(?) because of uncertainty of location of site and stratigraphic position of collections reported by Walcott (1890) and Keith (1895).

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse sandstone*
    • Hesse quartzite member*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

King, P.B., 1964, Geology of the central Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, IN Geology of the Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee and North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 349-C, p. C1-C148. [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/pp/pp349C]


Summary:

On Chilhowee Mountain, used as Hesse sandstone of Chilhowee group. In the rest of northeastern TN, used as Hesse quartzite member of Erwin formation of Chilhowee group. Age changed to Cambrian based on rediscovery of fossils in underlying Murray shale by R.A. Laurence in 1962.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse Quartzite*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Neuman, R.B., and Nelson, W.H., 1965, Geology of the western Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee; Chapter D OF Geology of the Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee and North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 349-D, p. D1-D80., See also USGS Prof. Paper 587


Summary:

Hesse Quartzite was named by Keith (1895) as Hesse Sandstone, probably for Hesse Creek, a southern tributary of Little River, although this was not specifically stated. He mentioned occurrence of Hesse in "high table-land known as the 'Flats'" which is drained by Flat Creek; this can be appropriately designated as type locality. Top part of Keith's Hesse is now Helenmode Formation, but the rest is mapped here much as it was in Knoxville and Loudon folios of Keith (1895 and 1896, respectively). Age is Cambrian based on discovery of Lower Cambrian fossils in Murray Shale below.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Hesse Sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Mapped
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Hardeman, W.D., Miller, R.A., and Swingle, G.D., 1966, Geologic map of Tennessee: Tennessee Division of Geology Geologic Map, scale 1:250,000


Summary:

Cambrian Hesse Sandstone of Chilhowee Group mapped in eastern TN. Consists of white, medium- to coarse-grained, vitreous quartzite. Occurs as massive ledges. Includes Helenmode Member at top, described as gray to greenish sandstone and shale. Total thickness is 600 ft.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


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