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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Charleston sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Sandstone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Campbell, M.R., and Mendenhall, W.C., 1896, Geologic section along the New and Kanawha Rivers in West Virginia, IN Walcott, C.D., Seventeenth annual report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior, 1895-1896; Part II: U.S. Geological Survey Annual Report, 17, pt. 2, p. 473-511. [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/ar/ar17_2]


Summary:

Pg. 487, 508. Charleston sandstone. Coals and sediments latter usually coarse, overlying Kanawha black flint, and extending upward to the red shales ["Pittsburgh Reds"?] are well exposed in bluffs back of Charleston. The sandstones are usually feldspathic and friable; the beds are frequently conglomeratic, but the pebble-bearing horizons vary greatly in different parts of field. Thickness 320 to 420 feet. Overlies Kanawha formation. Age is Pennsylvanian. [Includes Allegheny formation and lower part of Conemaugh formation.]
[Named from exposures at Charleston, Kanawha Co., western WV.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 401-402).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Charleston Sandstone*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Kosanke, R.M., 1984, Palynology of selected coal beds in the proposed Pennsylvanian System stratotype in West Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1318, 44 p. [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/pp/pp1318]


Summary:

Charleston Sandstone near Charleston, WV, is a nonmarine unit. The Charleston is of Middle Pennsylvanian age (palynomorphs), and is younger than the Kanawha Formation and older than the Conemaugh Formation.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Charleston Sandstone*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Rice, C.L., Hiett, J.K., and Koozmin, E.D., 1994, Glossary of Pennsylvanian stratigraphic names, central Appalachian basin, IN Rice, C.L., ed., Elements of Pennsylvanian stratigraphy, central Appalachian basin: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 294, p. 115-155.


Summary:

Reassignment of Mahoning Sandstone Member in WV from Conemaugh Formation (by Krebs and Teets, 1914), where it was misused, to Charleston Sandstone (by Englund and others, 1979) probably is incorrect.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


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For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates published by U.S. Geological Survey authors.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

Slash (/) indicates name does not conform with nomenclatural guidelines (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). This may be explained within brackets ([ ]).