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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown limestone
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Limestone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Wherry, E.T., 1909, The early Paleozoic of the Lehigh Valley district, Pennsylvania [abs.]: Science, new series, v. 30, p. 416.


Summary:

Pg. 416. Allentown limestone. White to gray, dolomitic limestone, largely oolitic; 2,000 feet thick. Full of cryptozoan. Underlies Coplay limestone and overlies Leithsville formation. Assigned to Upper Cambrian.
[Named from exposures along Lehigh and Jordan Creeks in vicinity of Allentown, Lehigh Valley district, eastern PA.]
[GNC remark (ca. 1936, US geologic names lexicon, USGS Bull. 896, p. 35): Is a part of Conochocheague limestone.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 35).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Dolomite*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Drake, A.A., Jr., 1965, Carbonate rocks of Cambrian and Ordovician age, Northampton and Bucks Counties, eastern Pennsylvania and Warren and Hunterdon Counties, western New Jersey, IN Contributions to stratigraphy: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1194-L, p. L1-L7.


Summary:

The Allentown Dolomite in eastern PA and western NJ consists of light-medium gray or light-olive gray to dark-medium gray, fine- to medium-grained rock that weathers light and dark gray in alternating beds. Bedding thickness alternates rhythmically from poorly laminated, massive beds averaging 3 ft in thickness, to platy or shaly beds less than an inch in thickness. Unit contains beds of oolite, orthoquartzite, dolarenite, and desiccation dolorudite. Lithologies occur in cycles from 5 to 30 ft thick. Thickness is about 1,700 ft. Overlies Leithsville Formation and underlies Rickenbach Dolomite; both lower and upper contacts are transitional. The Allentown is of Cambrian age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Member
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Miller, J.W., Jr., 1974, Geology and ground water resources of Sussex County and the Warren County portion of the Tocks Island impact area: New Jersey Bureau of Geology and Topography Bulletin, no. 73, 143 p.


Summary:

Revised the Allentown as the Allentown Member of the Kittatinny Formation in northwestern NJ. Consists of rhythmically bedded, light to dark gray, fine- to medium-grained, crystalline, impure dolomite that weathers light gray to dark gray. Lower part is alternating light to dark thin bedded dolomite with shaly bands; upper part is thicker bedded. Thickness is about 1,300 ft. Overlies Leithsville Member and underlies Rickenbach Member, both of the Kittatinny.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

MacLachlan, D.B., 1979, Geology and mineral resources of the Temple and Fleetwood quadrangles, Berks County, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geological Survey Topographic and Geologic Atlas, 4th series, 187ab, 71 p., scale 1:24,000 and 1:48,000


Summary:

The Allentown Formation is divided into (ascending) Tuckerton, Muhlenberg, and Maiden Creek Members. The Tuckerton consists of 500 to 650 ft of predominantly medium-gray and light- to medium-dark-gray, magnesian to calcareous limestone and dolomite; the Muhlenberg consists of 800 ft of medium- to medium-light-gray, thick-bedded magnesian limestone and dolomite; the Maiden Creek consists of 1,230 feet of medium- to medium-dark-gray, thick-bedded dolomite and magnesian limestone. The Allentown is approximately 2,600 ft thick. Overlies Leithsville Formation and underlies the Stonehenge Formation of the Beekmantown Group.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Berg, T.M. (compiler), 1980, Geologic map of Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geological Survey State Map, 4th series, 1, scale 1:250,000


Summary:

The Allentown Formation in the Lehigh Valley sequence of PA consists of medium- to medium-dark-gray, thick-bedded dolomite and impure limestone with dark-gray chert stringers and nodules, and laminated, oolitic, and stromatolitic beds. Also contains some orange-brown-weathering calcareous siltstone at base. Overlies the Leithsville Formation.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Dolomite*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Drake, A.A., Jr., and Lyttle, P.T., 1980, Alleghanian thrust faults in the Kittatinny Valley, New Jersey, IN Manspeizer, Warren, ed., Field studies of New Jersey geology and guide to field trips: New York State Geological Association Guidebook, 52nd annual meeting, Newark, NJ, no. 52, p. 92-114.


Summary:

Revised the Allentown Dolomite as part of the Kittatinny Supergroup in the Lehigh Valley of eastern PA and NJ. Age is changed to Late Cambrian and earliest Ordovician. Consists of very fine- to medium-grained, light-gray to medium-dark gray, alternating light- and dark-gray weathering, rhythmically bedded dolomite containing abundant algal stromatolites, oolite beds, and scattered beds and lenses of orthoquartzite. Overlies Leithsville Formation and underlies Stonehenge Limestone of Beekmantown Group; upper and lower contacts gradational. Thickness is about 575 m.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Dolomite*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Drake, A.A., Jr., 1987, Geologic map of the Topton quadrangle, Lehigh and Berks Counties, Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map, GQ-1609, scale 1:24,000 [http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_1134.htm]


Summary:

Three members comprising the Allentown Dolomite adopted for use in southeast Lehigh and Berks Cos., PA: Tuckerton Member (base), Muhlenberg Member, and Maiden Creek Member.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Dalton, Richard, 1989, Stratigraphy of the "Kittatinny Limestone", IN Grossman, I.G., ed., Paleozoic geology of the Kittatinny Valley and southwest Highlands area, New Jersey; field guide and proceedings: Geological Association of New Jersey Annual Field Conference, 6th annual meeting, October 20-21, 1989, v. 6, p. 59-94.


Summary:

In NJ, two mappable units are present within the Allentown. Name Limeport Member assigned to lower part by Markewicz and Dalton (1977). Upper member referred to simply as Upper Allentown pending further work. The Limeport consists of finely- to medium-crystalline, thin to thick, cyclically bedded, light- to dark-gray dolomite. Oolites, cryptozoa, ripple marks, mud cracks, cross-bedding and chip conglomerates predominate. Many algal structures present. Limeport varies in thickness form 400 to 700 ft throughout most of the state. Upper member is equivalent to the Allentown as defined by Howell and others (1950). In the Hamburg area member thickness reaches 1200 ft while near Columbia, it thins to less than 500 ft. This unit is more massive and thick-bedded than the Limeport. Varies from a fine to medium crystalline, light to dark gray dolomite. Stromatolite and oolite beds are rare. Allentown overlies the Leithsville Formation and underlies the Rickenbach Formation. Allentown is Late Cambrian.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Dolomite
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Monteverde, D.H., 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Sussex County, New Jersey, portions of the Culvers Gap and Lake Maskenozha quadrangles: New Jersey Geological Survey Geologic Map, 92-1, scale 1:24,000


Summary:

Allentown Dolomite of Kittatinny Supergroup is oldest unit mapped in this area. Crops out only in the southeast corner of the map. Thickness estimated at 1,900 ft. Underlies Lower Ordovician Beekmantown Group. Age is Late Cambrian and earliest Ordovician.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Allentown Dolomite*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Repetski, J.E., Harris, A.G., and Stamm, N.R., 1995, An overview of conodonts from New Jersey, IN Baker, J.E.B., ed., Contributions to the paleontology of New Jersey: Geological Association of New Jersey Annual Field Conference, 12th annual meeting, Wayne, NJ, October 27-28, 1995, v. 12, p. 191-208.


Summary:

Age of Allentown Dolomite changed to Late Cambrian and Early Ordovician(?) because of the uncertainty in placement of the Cambrian-Ordovician boundary.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


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