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Geologic Unit: Pinal
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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal schists*
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Schist
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Ransome, F.L., 1903, Geology of the Globe copper district, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 12, 168 p., (incl. geologic maps, scale 1:62,500 and 1:12,000)


Summary:

Pinal schists. Crystalline schists with occassional bands of greenish amphibolite. The oldest rocks in Globe quadrangle, Gila County, Arizona. Are broken by granite intrusions (Madera diorite and Schultze granite) into very irregular masses. Are at least in part derived from quartzose sediments. The largest single body of schistose rocks is that underlying greater part of west slope of the range. Are unconformably overlain by Apache group. Age is pre-Cambrian. Report includes geologic map.
Named from Pinal Mountains, Globe quadrangle, Gila Co., AZ. [According to GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX, Sept. 12, 1986), type locality not designated.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 1661); supplemental information from GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Ransome, F.L., 1904, The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 21, 168 p., (incl. geologic map, scale 1:62,500)


Summary:

Pinal schist. Extended south of Globe area, into Mule Mountains and Escabrosa Ridge, Bisbee quadrangle, Cochise County, central Arizona. Unconformably underlies Bolsa quartzite (new, replaces Dragoon quartzite). Age is pre-Cambrian. Report includes geologic map, cross sections, columnar section.

Source: Modified from GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal Schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Mapped 1:62.5k
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Schist
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Ransome, F.L., 1904, Bisbee folio, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Atlas of the United States Folio, GF-112, 19 p., scale 1:62,500


Summary:

Pinal Schist. Light- to dark-gray or greenish schists; very fine-grained; uniform texture; imperfect cleavage; surfaces commonly have a satin-like sheen; essential constituents quartz and sericite; biotite and tourmaline rare; amphibole not observed. General character indicates the schist was at one time arkosic sands or silts. Vastly older than Cambrian. May = Vishnu schist of Grand Canyon. Thickness unknown.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 1661).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Mapped 1:62.5k
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Schist
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Ransome, F.L., 1904, Globe folio, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Atlas of the United States Folio, GF-111, 17 p., scale 1:62,500


Summary:

Pinal schist. Consists of quartz sericite and quartz monzonite schists. Age is pre-Cambrian.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 1661).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Gilluly, James, 1956, General geology of central Cochise County, Arizona, with sections on age and correlation by A.R. Palmer, J.S. Williams, and J.B. Reeside, Jr.: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 281, 169 p.


Summary:

Pg. 8-9 (table), 10-11, pl. 5. Pinal schist. Described in central Cochise County, southeastern Arizona, where it is oldest formation exposed. Contains several small intrusive masses of albite granite, quartz diorite, gneissic granite, and sausuritic quartz monzonite which are also referred to the Precambrian. Base on which the Pinal was deposited not exposed in area; hence, no reliable estimate of thickness possible. Underlies Bolsa quartzite. In areas of intense metamorphism, distinguished with difficulty from metamorphosed Bisbee formation. Age is Precambrian. Report includes geologic map.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 3985-3986).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal Schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Simons, F.S., 1964, Geology of the Klondyke quadrangle, Graham and Pinal Counties, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 461, 173 p. [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/pp/pp461]


Summary:

Pg. 9 (chart), 10-13. Pinal Schist. Massive quartzite, and schistose graywacke, quartz-muscovite-chlorite schist, metavolcanics, and hornfels. Exposed 8.5+ sq mi in Klondyke quadrangle, Arizona; present in Santa Teresa and Turnbull Mountains, and possibly Galiuro Mountains. Intruded by Laurel Canyon Granodiorite, Santa Teresa Granite, and probably Goodwin Canyon Quartz Monzonite. Unconformably underlies Bolsa Quartzite, Buford Canyon Formation, and older alluvium. Contacts with other formations are faults. Age is possibly early Precambrian; possibly correlative with Vishnu Schist of Grand Canyon and Yavapai series of Mazatzal Mountains, Bagdad, and Jerome. Report includes petrologic description.

Source: Publication; supplemental information from GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal Schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Drewes, Harald, and Cooper, J.R., 1973, Reconnaissance geologic map of the west side of the Sierrita Mountains, Palo Alto Ranch quadrangle, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map, MF-538, scale 1:24,000


Summary:

Is extended on geologic map to the Sierrita Mountains, Pima Co, AZ, Southwestern Basin-and-Range region. Age given as Precambrian X. Formerly considered early Precambrian age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal Schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Drewes, Harald, 1977, Geologic map and sections of the Rincon Valley quadrangle, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map, I-997, scale 1:48,000


Summary:




Name "Catalina gneiss" changed to Santa Catalina Group to avoid confusion with a named Precambrian unit in CA. Type area is on south side of Santa Catalina Mountains, southern outskirts of Tucson, Pima Co, AZ in Southwestern Basin-and-Range region. These rocks extend into Tortolita Mountains to northwest and Rincon Mountains to southeast. Divided into Pinal Schist of Precambrian X age, Continental Granodiorite and Wrong Mountain Quartz Monzonite of Precambrian Y age. In many areas, granitoid rocks form lit-par-lit sheets into the schist, or younger quartz monzonite into older granodiorite. Rocks have been deformed and recrystallized. Ages of foliation and lineation are unclear. May be as old as Precambrian and as young as Laramide--Late Cretaceous and Paleocene. Term therefore applied to all pre-kinematic and synkinematic rocks of the Mazatzal revolution.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal Schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
    • Geochronologic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Drewes, Harald, 1980, Tectonic map of southeast Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map, I-1109, scale 1:125,000


Summary:

Is accepted on geologic map in Chiricahua and Dos Cabezas Mountains, Cochise Co, AZ, Southwestern Basin-and-Range region. One metavolcanic rock in formation dated as 1,715 Ma old. Is Precambrian X age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Pinal Schist*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
    • Mapped 1:24k
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Phyllite
    • Quartzite
    • Conglomerate
    • Breccia
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Southwestern Basin-and-Range region
Publication:

Drewes, Harald, 1987, Geologic map and cross sections of the Dragoon Mountains, southeastern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map, I-1662, scale 1:24,000


Summary:

Pinal Schist (restricted). Excludes Early Proterozoic amphibolite bodies previously combined with Pinal Schist; dark- to greenish-gray, amphibole-rich, foliated meta-igneous rock forming sills and irregular-shaped bodies in Pinal Schist. Divided into: phyllite facies, silver-gray phyllite, metasiltstone or metagraywacke, and some sandstone; quartzite facies, light-gray to pale-yellowish-brown metaquartzite, phyllite, hornfels, and metasiltstone; and an arkosic conglomerate and arkosic sedimentary breccia facies, brownish-gray massive rock derived from unknown older granitic terrane. Where undifferentiated, consists of mixtures of schist, phyllite, gneiss, metagraywacke, and locally some small unmapped bodies of amphibolite or other igneous rocks of intermediate composition. Age is Early Proterozoic.

Source: Publication.


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