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National Geologic Map Database
Geologic Unit: Mendenhall
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Mendenhall Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Limestone
    • Dolomite
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Williston basin
Publication:

Megathan, E.R., 1987, Silurian Interlake Group; a sequence of cyclic marine and freshwater carbonate deposits in the central Williston basin, IN Fischer, D.W., ed., Fifth international Williston basin symposium; core workshop volume: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series, 5th International Williston Basin Symposium, Grand Forks, ND, June 14-17, 1987, no. 69, p. 59-88., Prepared in cooperation with North Dakota and Saskatchewan geol. societies


Summary:

Named as a subsurface formation (1 of 8) of Interlake Group. Type section is interval between 11,785 ft and 12,220 ft--or 435 ft--in Amerada #1 Mendenhall Unit Well No. 9 in sec 9, T154N, R95W, Williams Co, ND in Williston basin. Overlies Grondale Formation (new) of Interlake Group; contact placed at appearance of rounded quartz grains and green and red mottling, and increased radioactivity in basal Mendenhall. Locally overlies Cedar Lake Formation of Interlake; contact more difficult to locate. Underlies Missouri Breaks Formation (new) of Interlake; contact placed at a strong radioactive spike, and at presence of quartzite or quartz-bearing limestone. Composed of carbonates [limestone/dolomite] dominated by mud, pellets, lumps, lithoclasts and skeletal grains and minor amounts of sand, silt, and clay. Presence of root tubules, fissure systems, and solution channels suggest subaqueous deposition interrupted by subaerial exposure. Erosional breaks within formation. Chalky textures resulted from solution of dolomite and melanization (result of "soil processes or algal-bacterial mats"). Thought to be a freshwater, fluviatile, marsh and lacustrine deposit. History of stratigraphic nomenclature chart. Assigned to part of the "upper Interlake beds" by some earlier workers. Silurian age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


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