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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee shale
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Shale
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
Publication:

Haworth, Erasmus, and Kirk, M.Z., 1894, A geologic section along the Neosho River from the Mississippian formation of the Indian Territory to White City, Kansas, and along the Cottonwood River from Wyckoff to Peabody, IN Report on field work in geology for season of 1893, by the Department of Physical Geology and Mineralogy, University of Kansas: Kansas University Quarterly, v. 2, no. 3, p. 104-115.


Summary:

Pg. 105-106. Cherokee shale. Ashy white to black shales, 500 feet thick, containing many beds of coal, sandstone, and limestone. Suggest that term be applied to all shales above Galena limestone and below Oswego limestone, unless Swallow limestone should prove to be more extensive in Cherokee County, Kansas, than now seems probable. Should such be the case the term should apply only to shales below Swallow limestone. [The underlying limestone was years ago proved not to be Galena limestone, but to be of Mississippian age.]
Named from prominent exposures in Cherokee Co., KS. (Neosho River forms the southwest border of Cherokee Co., KS.)

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 415); supplemental information from GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee shale
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
    • Forest City basin
    • Ozark uplift
Publication:

Hinds, Henry, and Greene, F.C., 1915, The stratigraphy of the Pennsylvanian series in Missouri, with a chapter on invertebrate paleontology by G.H. Girty: Missouri Bureau of Geology and Mines Report, 2nd series, v. 13, 407 p., See also "Modern classifications of the Pennsylvanian rocks of eastern Kansas and southeastern Nebraska," compiled by M.G. Wilmarth, Secretary of Committee on Geologic Names, USGS unpub. corr. chart, Oct. 1936, sheet 1


Summary:

Cherokee shale underlies Fort Scott limestone member of Henrietta formation and unconformably overlies Mississippian in northwest Missouri. Is basal formation of Des Moines group and of Pennsylvanian. Includes, near top, Lexington coal (=Mystic coal), and lower down, at different (descending) horizons, Summit coal, Mulky (Macon City) coal, Bevier coal, and Tebo (Lower Ardmore) coal.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 415).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee formation
    • Cherokee shale
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
    • Forest City basin
    • Ozark uplift
Publication:

Greene, F.C., 1933, Oil and gas pools of western Missouri, Appendix 2, IN Buehler, H.A., Biennial report of the State Geologist to the 57th General Assembly: Missouri Bureau of Geology and Mines Biennial Report, no. 57, 68 p.


Summary:

Lexington or Butler coal occurs in lower part of Labette shale; the upper Fort Scott or Summit coal occurs in Fort Scott limestone, 0 to 15 feet above its base; the lower Fort Scott or Mulky coal lies in upper 10 feet of Cherokee formation in west-central Missouri; the Bevier or Williams coal lies in upper part of Cherokee shale, 60 to 100 feet below Mulky coal.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 415).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee shale
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
Publication:

Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee formation
    • Cherokee shale
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Chautauqua platform
Publication:

Wilmarth, M.G., 1936, [Selected Geologic Names Committee remarks (ca. 1935-1938) on Carboniferous and Permian rocks of the Midcontinent], IN Wilmarth, M.G., 1938, Lexicon of geologic names of the United States (including Alaska): U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 896, pts. 1-2, 2396 p.


Summary:

In northeastern Oklahoma Cherokee shale unconformably overlies Morrow formation (of Pennsylvanian age), and contains so much sandstone and limestone that it is called Cherokee formation.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 415).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
Publication:

Abernathy, G.E., 1937, The Cherokee group of southeastern Kansas, IN Southeastern Kansas and northeastern Oklahoma: Kansas Geological Society Guidebook for the Annual Field Conference, no. 11, p. 18-23.


Summary:

Pg. 18-23; 1938, Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., v. 41, p. 193-195. Cherokee group in southeastern Kansas subidivided into 15 formations or cyclothems (cyclic formational units) as follows (ascending): Riverton, Neutral, Columbus, Bluejacket, Knifeton, Weir-Pittsburg, Pilot, Scammon, Mineral, Fleming, Coalvale, Croweburg, Ardmore, Bevier, and Mulky. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee shale
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
Publication:

Pierce, W.G., and Courtier, W.H., 1938, Geology and coal resources of the southeastern Kansas coal field in Crawford, Cherokee, and Labette Counties, with a report on Pennsylvanian invertebrate faunas of southeastern Kansas by J.S. Williams: Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 24, 122 p., (incl. geologic maps)


Summary:

Pg. 33-35, fig. 2; 1937, Kansas Geol. Soc. Gdbk., 11th Ann. Field Conf., p. 17. Cherokee shale, southeastern Kansas, includes Little Cabin sandstone member near base. Bluejacket sandstone member near middle, and Breezy Hill limestone (new) at top. Thickness about 425 feet. Overlies Mississippian limestone; underlies Fort Scott limestone. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
    • Forest City basin
    • Ozark uplift
Publication:

McQueen, H.S., 1943, Geology of the fire clay districts of east central Missouri, with chapters on the results of x-ray analyses of the clays and the results of firing behavior tests by P.G. Herold: Missouri Division of Geological Survey and Water Resources Report, 2nd series, v. 28, 250 p.


Summary:

Pg. 29-92, pls. 5,6, measured sections. Cherokee group, as defined in this report, is composed of several new formations. Names of well-known coal beds have been used in order to reduce to minimum the introduction of new names. Sequence (ascending) unnamed shale and sandstone of local occurrence, Graydon formation, Cheltenham, Loutre (new), Tebo (new), Ardmore, Bevier, and Lagonda. Group is restricted by removal of Squirrel sandstone which is placed in overlying Henrietta group. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised

Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee shale*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Anadarko basin
Publication:

Maher, J.C., 1946, Correlation of Paleozoic rocks across Las Animas arch in Baca, Las Animas, and Otero Counties, Colorado: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 30, no. 10, p. 1756-1763. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Extended into the subsurface of Baca County, Colorado, in the Anadarko basin. Overlies undesignated Atokan rocks and underlies Marmaton group (undivided). Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian). Report includes correlation chart.

Source: Modified from GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
    • Forest City basin
    • Chautauqua platform
    • Ozark uplift
Publication:

Moore, R.C., 1949, Divisions of the Pennsylvanian System in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 83, 203 p.


Summary:

Pg. 37-47. Cherokee group. Defined to include all strata from base of Pennsylvanian north of Kansas-Oklahoma line to base of Fort Scott limestone. In Kansas, comprises 16 cyclothems. Classification is modified from that of Abernathy (1937) in that Croweburg and Ardmore are combined into Ardmore cyclothem; Stice cyclothem (new) occurs above the Bevier; term Mulky is discarded and terms Breezy Hill and Blackjack Creek are used. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
Publication:

Beveridge, T.R., 1951, The geology of the Weaubleau Creek area, Missouri: Missouri Division of Geological Survey and Water Resources Report, 2nd series, v. 32, 111 p.


Summary:

Pg. 51-55, pl. 11. Cherokee group, in Weaubleau Creek area, [St. Clair County], Missouri, comprises Dederick subgroup [informal] (undifferentiated) and Graydon formation. Overlies Burlington formation; underlies Tertiary(?) unconsolidated upland gravels. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).
["Subgroup" not recognized as a formal stratigraphic rank term (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). Considered informal and should not be capitalized.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Chautauqua platform
Publication:

Howe, W.B., 1951, Bluejacket sandstone of Kansas and Oklahoma, IN Geological notes: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 35, no. 9, p. 2087-2093. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Pg. 2087. Cherokee formation. In northern Oklahoma includes (ascending) older Pennsylvanian units, Little Cabin sandstone, Bluejacket sandstone, Broken Arrow coal, Verdigris limestone, sandstone (Squirrel sand), Iron Post coal, Kinnison shale (new), and Breezy Hill limestone members. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Ozark uplift
Publication:

Unklesbay, A.G., 1952, Geology of Boone County, Missouri [with contributions by W.V. Searight and J.C. Grohskopf]: Missouri Division of Geological Survey and Water Resources Report, 2nd series, v. 33, 159 p., (incl. geologic map)


Summary:

Pg. 68-90. Cherokee group. McQueen defined top of the Cherokee as the base of Squirrel sandstone, but this boundary is not now recognized by Missouri Geological Survey. Cherokee is defined as extending from base of Pennsylvanian to base of Fort Scott. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Not used
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Chautauqua platform
Publication:

Oakes, M.C., 1953, Krebs and Cabaniss groups, of Pennsylvanian age, in Oklahoma, IN Geological notes: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 37, no. 6, p. 1523-1526.


Summary:

Pg. 1523-1526. Cherokee group. Rocks of Krebs and Cabaniss groups (both new) are nearly but not quite the same, stratigraphically, as Cherokee rocks of southeastern Kansas. Hartshorne sandstone and possibly some lower McAlester rocks are older than any Cherokee rocks of Kansas; Thruman sandstone, Stuart shale, and lower part of Senora formation are probably not represented in Cherokee rocks of Kansas because of progressive northward overlap in post-Boggy rocks. Otherwise the Krebs and Cabaniss rocks are equivalent to Cherokee rocks of Kansas. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Not used

Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Cherokee basin
    • Forest City basin
Publication:

Howe, W.B., 1956, Stratigraphy of the pre-Marmaton Desmoinesian (Cherokee) rocks in southeastern Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 123, 132 p.


Summary:

Term Cherokee readopted for Kansas and Missouri. Krebs and Cabaniss relegated to [informal] subgroup status. Cherokee subdivided into (ascending) Riverton, Warner, Rowe, Dry Wood, Bluejacket, Seville, Weir, Tebo, Scammon, Mineral, Robinson Branch, Fleming, Croweburg, Verdigris, Bevier, Lagonda, Mulky, and Excello formations. Underlies Marmaton group. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).
["Subgroup" not recognized as a formal stratigraphic rank term (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). Considered informal and should not be capitalized.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
Publication:

Jewett, J.M., 1959, Graphic column and classification of rocks in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey


Summary:

Chart shows that Cherokee group in Kansas includes Krebs and Cabaniss formations. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee group
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
Publication:

Hershey, H.G., Brown, C.N., Northup, R.C., and Van Eck, Orville, 1960, Highway construction materials from the consolidated rocks of southwestern Iowa: Iowa Highway Research Bulletin, no. 15, 151 p.


Summary:

Pg. 34, fig. 5. Cherokee group. Section between base of Marmaton group to top of Mississippian system is designated Cherokee group. Although this may include a part of either Atoka or Morrow series, Iowa Geological Survey has not differentiated them. Other states have further subdivided the Cherokee in Krebs-Cabaniss subgroups [informal]. Mulky coal, Bedford coal, Bevier coal, Ardmore limestone, and Whitebreast coal have been recognized. Age is Middle Pennsylvanian (Des Moines).
["Subgroup" not recognized as a formal stratigraphic rank term (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). Considered informal and should not be capitalized.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 746-747).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Cherokee Group
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Iowa shelf
Publication:

Ravn, R.L., Swade, J.W., Howes, M.R., Gregory, J.T., Anderson, R.R., and Van Dorpe, P.E., 1984, Stratigraphy of the Cherokee Group and revision of Pennsylvanian stratigraphic nomenclature in Iowa: Iowa Geological Survey Bureau Technical Information Series, no. 12.


Summary:

Is the basal group of the Des Moines Supergroup. Occurs on the surface and in the subsurface of IA, MO, NE, KS, and OK. Has an average thickness of 755 ft. Overlies Morrow Supergroup locally, or Mississippian limestone. Underlies Mouse Creek Formation (new) of Marmaton Group. Divided into the Kilburn Formation (new), Kalo Formation and its Blackoak Coal and Cliffland Coal Members (all new), Floris Formation and its Laddsdale Member and Carruthers Coal Member (all new), and Swede Hollow Formation (new). Swede Hollow includes the Whitebreast Coal Member (new), Oakley Shale Member (new), Ardmore Limestone Member (extended into IA from MO), Wheeler Coal Member (new), Bevier and Mulky Coal Members (extended into IA from MO). Cherokee deposits show influence of cyclic deposition in south-central IA on the Iowa shelf. Of Pennsylvanian age "Atokan-Desmoinesian Series boundary" is placed "within the Des Moines Supergroup of IA." Nomenclature chart. Cross sections. Graphic columns.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


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For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates usage by the U.S. Geological Survey. Other usages by state geological surveys.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

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