|This Web site contains information on activities of the National Geologic Map Database Project (NGMDB). The NGMDB is a collaborative effort primarily involving the USGS and the Association of American State Geologists. This Web site contains informal, generally time-sensitive material intended for project members, cooperators, and interested parties.|
By Nancy Blair, Charles Mayfield, and Dave Soller
The National Geologic Map Index is a tool to provide better access to earth science information. This index database forms a part of the National Geologic Map Database (NGMDB), for which the USGS has been assigned responsibility by Congress. The citations in the database are searchable by geographical locators, as well as other criteria, to locate digital and paper maps depicting geological and related earth science information.
Until considerable progress is made in building digital map databases, standard ways to locate these files, and the majority of potential users own the equipment to download and use large files, a bibliographic database is needed to identify useful maps and to provide information on how and where to locate paper and/or digitized copies.
This database uses a broad definition of "geologic map" and includes maps providing information on geophysics, mineral resources, geochemistry, hydrogeology, hazards, paleontology, and related subjects as well as general geology and stratigraphy.
The information provided in the fields of each citation is consistent with metadata standards and MARC records, but the records are intended to be simple for easy use and will contain only the information needed to locate the map. Other bibliographical databases, such as GeoRef (American Geological Institute) and library catalogs, provide more extensive records suitable for other purposes.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Project Leader (Reston, VA): Dave Soller, 703-648-6907, email@example.com
Web homepage, programming, server, database maintenance (Flagstaff, AZ):
Ed Pfeifer, firstname.lastname@example.org
Alex Acosta, email@example.com
Dennis McMacken, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jana Ruhlman, email@example.com
Mike Gishey, firstname.lastname@example.org
Map indexer (Menlo Park, CA): Charles Mayfield, 650-329-5035, email@example.com
Bates, R.J., and Jackson, J.A., 1987, Glossary of geology (3rd ed.): Alexandria, Va., American Geological Institute, 788 p.
National Computer Systems Laboratory (U.S.), 1990, Counties and equivalent entities of the United States, its possessions and associated areas: Federal information processing standards publication, FIPS PUB 6-4, 31 p. (Corrections issued as http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip6-4.htm)
Rand McNally commercial atlas and marketing guide. Latest edition owned (or other atlas giving clearly marked county boundaries).
Thompson, M.M., 1988, Maps for America, cartographic products of the U.S. Geological Survey and others (3rd ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey. 265 p.
U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee, 1994, Content standards for digital geospatial metadata: Washington, D.C.: FGDC, 332 p. (Also 1998 ed. http://www.fgdc.gov/metadata/constan.html)
U.S. Geological Survey, 1981, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the U.S. Geological Survey; edited and revised by Wallace R. Hansen (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey. 289 p.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Gersmehl, P.J., 1991, The Language of maps (14th ed.) : Indiana, PA, National Council for Geographic Education, Indiana University of Pennsylvania. 196 p.
Maltman, Alex, 1990, Geological maps, an introduction: New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold. 184 p.
Spencer, E.W., 1993, Geologic maps, a practical guide to the interpretation and preparation of geologic maps: New York, Macmillan. 147 p.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
The priorities for map indexing in order of importance are:
Maps of U.S. possessions of Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands are included. Maps of foreign countries, the moon, and planets are being skipped until the index is expanded. Topographic maps and "maps" in traditional USGS map series which are really diagrams, tables and graphs are skipped.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Citations are entered directly from a copy of the publication into fields. The files are routinely checked for uniformity of entry and correctness. The initial search software was WAIS (Wide-Area Information Service) and citations were supplied to programmers by indexers using a relational database with conversions to ASCII text. Searching with early technology was too cumbersome for a very large database. The map index now has been transferred to the Oracle database management system, because it offers more sophisticated data management and field searching. Indexers now submit new records directly to the Flagstaff, AZ, office using an online form or a properly formatted file. When the online form is used, entries are concatentated into one file, reformatted, and then entered into the Oracle database. Instructions on file format and procedure for using the online entry form are available at the NGMDB map catalog information Web site, http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Info/cathelp/.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
The most important attribute of this bibliographical database is ACCURACY. A typographical error that is lost among 100 entries will shine like a headlight when that citation appears alone on a screen. Users will not notice that 1000 words were spelled correctly but will clearly remember every word incorrectly spelled. Misspelling means that important publications will not be retrieved by author or title keyword. Errors in coordinates mean that a major map of an area will never appear to searchers or will display incongruously for the wrong area.
Many types of systematic errors can be caught by computer programs developed by the NGMDB staff, such as incongruous scales, duplicate entries, common misspellings, and inconsistent author names. However nothing replaces care, correct calculations, and proofing by the indexer with the publication in hand. A few extra minutes checking entries against the publication being indexed are well worth the time for the validity of the database.
For accuracy, enter information directly from the publication rather than just copying entries from GeoRef or another source. When resolving differences in entries, prefer information obtained directly from the publication to information in another database, i.e., rely on your own choice of title based on these rules even if GeoRef gives another title choice.
Be careful of exact spacing and punctuation type between different parts of a field, i.e. two different author names in the AUTHOR field. The "[semicolon][space]" between two names allows the programmer to separate author names to be searched individually. Forgetting to use the right punctuation means the second name will not be located on an author search.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
In general, enter latest editions only -- not earlier editions. In general, do not include reprints or re-issues without significant corrections by the same publisher. However, some maps may be re-issued by different publishers, released as commemorative editions, released in different scales or formats, or released with major changes. These and the earlier versions should all be entered. One version may be easier for the user to locate.
If a preliminary version was released, for example, in the USGS Open-File series, and a final version is published in another series, include both the preliminary versions and the final version. Preliminary versions may include maps that differ in scale and show additional or different information from the final version. The indexer will not have time or the opportunity to check word-by-word and map-section-by-map-section to determine if there are significant differences. Providing both will allow the user to choose to look at both or make a choice. (The term 'preliminary versions' does not include draft maps used to produce a released version which the indexer may encounter since these were never released and are rarely available to anyone but the people involved in producing a publication.)
This is a MAP database, not a comprehensive database of all geologic publications. Physically large maps, large foldout maps, and maps on plates folded in the pocket of a publication that are maps of areas depicting geology, geophysics, chemistry, hazards, and earth resources are obvious entries and the chief value of the database. Small maps require the indexer to make decisions about the value of the entry to potential users, weighing to some degree the time required for entry. When trying to decide if a publication, such as an USGS Circular, has a large enough map to deserve entry in the database, consider if the user would be disappointed to go to some trouble to get the publication and find the map in question. Sketch maps, outline maps, location maps, topographic maps, and page-sized or smaller maps of large areas with little subject information should not be entered in a map database where the user is looking for graphical information. The user can locate the text through other databases. Many site-specific reports have small maps that can lead the reader to important research in a map-defined area, and the indexer can choose to enter the publication. For example, a geochemistry study might have fairly insignificant maps (page-size) that plot sample locations, but would have a wealth of information in tables and text relating to the locations marked on the map. As more maps are included, a database query will bring up a fairly complete list of publications definable as site-specific with easily defined science themes.
Digital databases on disks, the Web, or CD-ROMs present additional problems in selecting for entry into the database. Paper printouts or screen views without the use of special software may not show map format. The file designed to use as a data layer overlaying a GIS produced map may not have map layout, but represent a series of data points. Information on boundary coordinates and scale may not be apparent, especially without special equipment and software. Because of the increasing importance of this location specific information, database managers have decided to include the information on these digital products. The indexer should enter approximate information about coordinates and scale drawn, if necessary, from the title.
To summarize, map entry selection should include these priorities:
Including coordinates and information for every map accompanying a publication may be desirable but would be a time-consuming process, and might not truly benefit the user who is seeking to find a listing of available publications. The user may or may not be helped by 10 entries for the same publication differentiated by a plate number. Multi-entry records could be confusing and take up excessive time of the indexer.
A) When a publication includes text and maps, use the overall title of the publication not the title that appears on a map, a figure, or a plate. Try to make your citation have the same title and author that a library or Georef cataloger would use to identify the publication. This would be helpful because, in most situations, the user will not be able to locate the publication in a library or purchase from a sales office if they have just the map title instead of the title of the whole publication.
B) However, sometimes a single publication will include a series of chapters, each perhaps containing several maps each with different authorships. In this case, the name of the publication should be cataloged under the "Larger Work" field, and the title and author of each chapter with a map are indexed in the "Title" and "Author" fields. Chapter numbers can be included as annotation in the title -- put this information in brackets at the end of the title to make it easier for the researcher to find, i.e. "[Chapter 7]". The user might need to check the "larger Work" field to find the publication in a library catalog.
An example of a publication with multiple chapters, titles, authors, and themes is:
C) In general, where a publication's maps are contiguous, define the bounding coordinates to include all maps. If possible, avoid multiple entries of publications.
When the map of an area includes several plates that can be joined to form a larger map, enter the coordinates of the whole area covered by the mapping. When several plates show the same or contiguous areas but cover different themes, enter a single set of coordinates and enter all themes covered on the plates. Plates for ..."X"... quadrangle, might be "Cross sections of ... quadrangle", "Earthquake hazards of ..., "Areal geology of ..., Structure contours of ..., Water resources of ..., Geochemistry of ..., etc.,
D) Occasionally, publications may include maps of non-contiguous areas making multiple entries the best solution, such as a study of two or more widely separated quadrangles, stream basins, mining districts etc. For these maps, add a brief description of each map area that is indexed using square brackets at the end of each citation. In cases of multiple entries for a publication, the authors, series, and series numbers would be the same but the lat/long, and county information would be different. For example the titles might read:
E) When several plates are included in a single entry, select as the map scale that of the most comprehensive, detailed map, or the map that seems to be the report's focus. The indexer must decide which map primarily gives the information that the author is conveying, but include multiple themes to cover all subjects for all maps in the report.
If you have a publication entitled "mineral resources of the ... area of Montana" with Plate 1 showing mines and deposits of the whole area and Plate 2 providing several small map insets of specific mines, give the coordinates for the area on the first plate.
On the other hand, if a publication includes a very generalized map showing a large area and a detailed map of a specific quadrangle or area named in the overall title, give the coordinates of the more specific area. For example, if you have Plate 1 of a publication showing a very generalized geologic map of Yellowstone National Park and its surroundings, but the title of the publication is "Geology of the ..."X"... Quadrangle, Yellowstone National Park with Plate 2 showing the geologic information for that quadrangle, give the coordinates for Plate 2.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Ideally the exact outline of the map coverage would be given with GIS software, but at present, the outline of the map is expressed as coordinates of the farthest points of subject coverage forming a four-sided figure. (See Figure 1). In other words, the smallest virtual rectangle that encompasses the map area is drawn with the sides parallel to north-south and east-west. In many cases, this means the searcher looking for a geologic map of a small defined area may pull up records of maps that have no actual subject coverage for the area of interest.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Mathematical calculations will be needed for such information as:
(1.) extrapolation of latitude and longitude, i.e. calculating degrees when exact numbers at corners are not given but have to be calculated from numbers given at other points of the map
(2.) calculating scale when none is given
(3.) calculating coverage on skewed perspectives, i.e. when the map degrees do not match north and south with top and bottom of the map
(4.) changing to natural scale, i.e. 1:25,000 from miles to inch, etc.
The calculations require a clear understanding of proportion and ratios. Indexers need to do these calculations and, if they can not, need to identify someone with the skills who can teach the skill or do that part of the work.
Contact the USGS indexer, Charles Mayfield (firstname.lastname@example.org) for special problems in calculations.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Keep the user in mind when resolving problems. Strict interpretation of rules assures uniformity, but a unique map or a situation that tests the rule needs to be resolved in favor of making access easier for the user.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Encourage people with an interest in adding to the database, making their own new database compatible with the map index database, or holding older files which may load into the map index to contact Dave Soller (email@example.com). There are many maps all needing to be added as quickly as possible and help is appreciated. Be aware that dBase, Paradox, and certain other relational database files may be compatible with the Oracle format and can be substituted without expert programming.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Record entry into the National Geologic Map Database (NGMDB) is done by inputting information derived directly from the publication into an electronic input form.
Use the full title from map with only first word and proper names are capitalized: "The geologic map of Yosemite National Park and vicinity, California"
When a word may or may not be a proper name or part of a name, check any text on the map other than the title, i.e. "Geologic map of the Big Timber stock and vicinity...". The word "stock" was capitalized in a standard bibliography, but is not capitalized in captions on the map and should not be capitalized in the record entry.
Capitalize directions if part of a proper name but not when used to describe a general area, i.e. Use "South Dakota" and "southern California" or "south Louisiana"
Rely on punctuation used in publication. If there is a problem, look at the samples of references in the USGS Suggestions to authors of reports of the U.S. Geological Survey.
When entering titles, give preference to the title on the map itself for separately published maps and to the title on the titlepage for book publications with maps.
For accuracy, enter the title exactly as given. Do not do creative re-titling. In some cases, exact entry of a title may not convey enough information to the searcher or the given title may contain an obvious error. To solve these kinds of problems while maintaining the integrity of the formal title, the use of square brackets is a common convention in libraries to indicate information not actually on the publication. A word or two in square brackets may occasionally be used to fully clarify subject coverage or the location, e.g. "Rampart and Hot Springs Regions, Alaska [gold resources]" or "The Lander oil field, Fremont County [Wyoming]", to correct a misspelling, e.g. "Oil resources of the Landar [Lander] oil field in Wyoming" or to increase the readability of a title by adding missing words, e.g. "Earthquake history of Napa County [and] potential hazards." Rarely a publication, particularly a digital database, may have no distinguishable title and a title must be composed by the indexer. In these cases, the whole title would be in brackets. Bracketing and adding words not in the title should be done with thought and is not a means to add lengthy subtitles created by the indexer. Where possible, square brackets should be used at the end of the title, so as not to disrupt phrase searches of the title or to disrupt usage as a bibliographic citation.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Enter all authors.
Supply initials, but if only one initial available, give first name.
Give last name first followed by comma and space.
Multiple authors are separated by semicolon and space: "Huger, N.C.; Baseman, P.C.; Wahrhaftig, Clyde"[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
3. LARGER WORK:
Give title of larger work capitalizing first word and proper names.
Do not confuse "LARGER WORK" with "SERIES". The "SERIES" field lists the common series for ordering.
The "LARGER WORK" field is used for a more comprehensive series, i.e. "Geology of the Reliz Canyon..."; "Contributions to economic geology" or overall title of a set of individually titled volumes or chapters.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Use standard theme acronyms as given later in this manual. Flagstaff will supply complete name of themes from acronyms.
Type themes using only lower case letters, not capital letters.
Select the abbreviation or acronym for a theme from the thesaurus list using secondary levels only.
Use as many categories as is appropriate, but choose only the most evident. Do not over-index or put in every conceivable acronym. Themes are entered as a help in restricting searches and represent major subjects only. Entries are not intended as an exhaustive list of subjects for each map.
If a map topic does not fit cleanly into one of the ones given in the thesaurus, use "Other" under the appropriate first level. When several similar "Other" entries appear they will be gathered into a new heading. Do not add new "THEMES" or change acronyms for themes without previous approval or the addition will never be searchable.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Give year of publication as given on map or envelope. When two dates appear give most recent unless second date is identified as a "printing" or "reprint" year and there is no indication of revisions.
For "editions" use date given for the edition of the map being indexed.
1979, 1984 printing; Give 1979.
1983, reprinted 1984; Enter 1983
1st ed. 1983; 2d ed. 1994; Enter 1994
c1980, 1981; Enter 1981
If the publication has no printed date, do not accept a stamped or handwritten date as correct. Generally these indicate the date the publication is received and not the date of publication. Estimate the date of the publication from the bibliography on the map or any other information available including library catalog records.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Please identify the publisher by the abbreviation or acronym from the official, approved listing of abbreviations for publishers. In the Map Catalog, this field will be linked to the home page of the organization, i.e. the acronym "USGS" will be displayed on the Product Description Page as "U.S. Geological Survey", and the entry will link directly to the USGS home page.
If the publisher of the map record you wish to submit is not on the list of approved publishers, please follow the instructions at the top of that list, in order to supply the Flagstaff programmers with the Publisher's full name, address, Web address if available, and phone number. The Publisher will be verified, you will be notified of the designated publisher acronym (for your use when submitting additional records from that publisher), and the information will be added to the list of publishers.
The publisher is responsible for the intellectual content and may differ from the organization or company responsible for selling or distributing the map which would be listed in the "ORDERING" field. The organization or company identified as "printer" or "printed by" is generally disregarded if different from the publisher.
"U.S. Geological Survey; distributed by the U.S. Government Printing Office"
Use acronyms in following section for publishers.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
7. SERIES NAME
Please identify the Series Name from the official, approved listing of Series Names for each Publisher. If the Series Name of the map record you wish to submit is not on the list of approved publishers and series names, please follow the instructions at the top of that list, in order to supply the Flagstaff programmers with the correct information. The Publisher and Series Name will be verified and the information will be added to the official list.
Enter series with all words except for articles not appearing at the head of the title capitalized as given on publication. When a series ends with an acronym which may often be attached to the number of the map sheet with a dash, add acronym to "SERIES NUMBER" field, i.e."Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-430". Give "Miscellaneous.....Map" in this field and add "I-430" to "SERIES NUMBER" field.
See Appendix A for standard titles of U.S. Geological Survey Series maps.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
8. SERIES NUMBER:
Separate number from series. Include any acronyms or letters before or after number with dashes. i.e."GQ-768"; "MF-1733-A"; "257-A".[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Enter second part of ratio(or fraction ) without commas, i.e., "1:125,000", enter as "125000".
Give pure ratio numbers based on one. Many maps, particularly older ones, give equivalents based on other measurements, i.e., "1 inch = 1 mile"; "1 inch=2500 feet". These two scales in natural scale would be "1:63,360" and "1:30,000" and entered as "63360" and "30000". Below are example map scales; other scales will need to be calculated.Map Scale on Map ---> Natural or Standard Scale
Some digital maps and databases are variable when projected on a monitor or printed on a plotter. In such cases, enter the compilation scale of the map if given in the text. If no compilation scale is given, the scale should be entered on the electronic form as "N" for Not Applicable.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
10. CROSS SECTIONS (CS):
Indexers not familiar with cross sections should look at the examples in Figures 2-8 [fig. 2 -- fig. 3 -- fig. 4 -- fig. 5 -- fig. 6 -- fig. 7 -- fig. 8]. Another general criterion is that, although graphs, models, and diagrams may look similar to cross sections, a cross section can be identified geographically in the map area. The other graphic presentations generally present concepts based on interpretations of one aspect of the map data in a visual and more quickly understandable format and are usually not linked to a single small area on the map.
Identify if the map or text has cross-sections and answer N for No and Y for Yes.
Count only cross-sections related to the major area mapped, i.e., if a map on mineral resources of Alpine County has a cross-section within the county, answer "Y". Answer "N" if there are cross-sections for a different area than covered by the major part of the publication, i.e. a small cross section of a mine when the geologic map covers a quadrangle.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
11. State Geologic Map?:
Geologic maps that cover a state, or more than one state, or the entire U.S. or North America are identified by the value "Y" in the database field "state geologic map". All other maps have value "N" or have no value specified. This database field is used on the "State-Wide Map" search page. Maps coded as "Y" also are available to other Map Catalog searches (e.g., the Comprehensive Search).[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
12. MEDIA (Publication Format):
A product can be published in "Paper" and / or "Digital" format. If the product is available in both paper and a digital format, use the term "Both". If the format is "Digital" or "Both", the following additional information is needed:
Include all counties (and their state) covered by map. List the counties in alphabetical order, using the format "county, state", and use the 2-character abbreviation for "state" (see STATE discussion, below). Separate each county/state pair by a semicolon and space.
If the map covers several counties but barely enters one county, that county may be omitted. When in doubt whether coverage within county is enough to be included, prefer to enter county.
When a map covers all of a state enter as: "All [state acronym] Counties" i.e. "All CA Counties".
When a map covers all U.S. states, enter as "All US Counties". When a map covers the conterminous U.S. (excluding Alaska and Hawaii), enter as "All Conterm.US Counties". If a map is so small scale as to be insignificant at the county level of inquiry, leave this field blank. Remember, if you include either "All US Counties" or "All Conterm.US Counties", the map reference likely will appear on a county search.
If two or more states are covered, enter states separated by a semicolon and a space, i.e. for Illinois and Missouri, enter "All IL Counties; All MO Counties".
In some cases, such as a coast-to-coast cross section when the number of counties is huge, the map is of a small scale, and no state has all of its counties included, the indexer may choose not to enter in this field since the coverage is too general to be of great interest to a user seeking information on a single county. A computer program can add counties if all of a state or several states are included without the intervention of the indexer. But a map covering parts of 20 states may include many, many counties requiring careful identification by the indexer and many entries to type. In general, the counties of such maps when the scale is 1:250,000 or smaller (less detail) are omitted.
Correct spellings for the counties of each state are identified in: "National Computer Systems Laboratory (U.S.), 1990, Counties and equivalent entities of the United States, its possessions and associated areas: Federal information processing standards publication, FIPS PUB 6-4. 31 p."
Alaska does not have a county system of administration. Administrative areas or boroughs have only recently been added and their boundaries are subject to change. At the beginning of the NGMDB project, the four senatorial district boundaries were used for catalog entries, but discussion with Alaska experts suggested that, for better indexing results, we should use the 1:250,000-scale quadrangles. These quadrangles are now used for Alaska in the "COUNTY" field.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
Enter all states covered by a map in alphabetical order using postal service two-letter capital abbreviations, i.e. CA. Flagstaff will supply full name of state from the abbreviation.
If the map covers all of the United States enter as "ALL". If conterminous U.S. states only are included (not Hawaii or Alaska), enter as "ALL Conterm.US".
If conterminous U.S. states plus either Hawaii or Alaska, enter as "ALL Conterm. US; AK" from spellings on names used in the FIPS PUB 6-4 referenced above.
State abbreviations -- All states are abbreviated according to standardized postal two letter abbreviations found in the almanacs, phone books, and postal directories:
Alabama (AL); Alaska (AK); American Samoa (AS); Arizona (AZ); Arkansas (AR); California (CA); Colorado (CO); Connecticut (CT); Delaware (DE); Dist. of Columbia (DC); Fed. States of Micronesia (FM); Florida (FL); Georgia (GA); Guam (GU); Hawaii (HI); Idaho (ID); Illinois (IL); Indiana (IN); Iowa (IA); Kansas (KS); Kentucky (KY); Louisiana (LA); Maine (ME); Maryland (MD); Massachusetts (MA); Michigan (MI); Minnesota (MN); Mississippi (MS), Missouri (MO); Montana (MT); Nebraska (NE); Nevada (NV); New Hampshire (NH); New Jersey (NJ); New Mexico (NM); New York (NY); North Carolina (NC); North Dakota (ND); Northern Marianas (MP); Ohio (OH); Oklahoma (OK); Oregon (OR); Pennsylvania (PA); Puerto Rico (PR); Rhode Island (RI); South Carolina (SC); South Dakota (SD); Tennessee (TN); Texas (TX); Utah (UT); Vermont (VT); Virginia (VA); Virgin Islands (VI); Washington (WA); West Virginia (WV); Wisconsin (WI); Wyoming (WY)
15.-18. NLAT; SLAT; ELONG; WLONG:
Enter latitude in 6 digits and longitude in 7 digits. Add 0's when needed to complete entry. W for latitude and N for longitude should be automatically added, i.e. "0973745W"..
Accuracy here is crucial. Measure and calculate when not given on map.
If map has considerable area not covered by subject matter, i.e. parts of map with no coloring or information, report latitude and longitude of the actual coverage of subject matter not the coordinates of the whole map (see Figure 9).
These fields will be translated to decimal degrees in Flagstaff.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
19. ORDERING CONTACT:
The publisher is responsible for the intellectual content of the publication. In some cases, the publisher does not sell or distribute the map; for this reason, we include an Ordering Contact data-field. Please note that the organization or company identified as "printer" or "printed by" is generally not the Ordering Contact.
Please identify the Ordering Contact by the abbreviation or acronym from the official, approved listing. In the Map Catalog, this field will be linked to the home page of the organization that distributes the product, i.e. the acronym "USGS" will be displayed on the Product Description Page as "U.S. Geological Survey", and the entry will link directly to the USGS home page.
If the Ordering Contact of the map record you wish to submit is not on the list of approved contacts, please follow the instructions at the top of that list, in order to supply the Flagstaff programmers with the Ordering Contact's full name, address, Web address if available, and phone number. The Ordering Contact will be verified, you will be notified of the designated acronym (for your use when submitting additional records for that sales agency or distributor), and the information will be added to the list of Ordering Contacts.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
20. ORDER NUMBER or IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
Enter GPO numbers, stock nos., ISBN, and other information used by sales agency to uniquely identify product if different from the number given in SERIES NUMBER.[ GO TO CONTENTS ]
We now maintain a listing of ALL Publishers, Publisher Acronyms, Series Names, and Order Contacts that can be used in the Map Catalog. This listing is intended to simplify the management of, and access to, map catalog records. When using the Map Catalog Input Form, no other publishers and their series names can be directly entered into the database. However, the Input Form contains a mechanism to submit for authenticating a new publisher and its series names (please see the Input Form's "Publisher" pulldown menu, and select the "Not on List" entry). When we receive that submittal, we will verify it and add the information to this listing. If you submit records via a batch file, or if the publisher occurs in our list but via the Input Form you submit a new series name, we also will verify the information and add it to our listing.
Here are the listings:
Geochronology (geochron) -- Isotopic age estimates, shown on a map or spatially referenced in a data base
Paleontology (paleo) -- Fossil localities, descriptions and ages, shown on a map or spatially referenced in a data base
Geochemistry (geochem) -- Geochemical analysis shown on a map or spatially referenced in a data base
Bedrock (geolgenbed) -- Bedrock geologic map
Surficial (geolgensur) -- Surficial geologic map
Structure contours (geolstruc) -- Maps of structure or thickness of buried geologic units (see Figure 10)
Engineering (geoleng) -- Maps of soils or engineering properties of buried geologic units
Other (geolother) -- Other assorted map information
Magnetics (geopmag) -- Maps of the magnetic field induced in rocks
Gravity (geopgrav) -- Maps of variations in Earth's gravity field
Radiometric (geoprad) -- Maps of natural radioactivity of rocks and soil
Other (geopother) -- Other assorted geophysical information
Geophysics (margeop) -- Geophysical maps of submerged rocks and sediment
Coastal (margcoast) -- Maps of the coastal zone (e.g. areas of erosion or sedimentation)
GLORIA: (margloria) -- Images of the ocean floor as detected by the GLORIA surveys
Other (marother) -- Other assorted marine information
Metals (resmet) -- Maps of metallic resource (e.g. copper)
Nonmetals (resnonmet) -- Maps of non-metallic resources (e.g. sand and gravel)
Petroleum (resergpet) -- Petroleum-related map (oil, gas, oil shale, tar sands, etc.)
Coal (resergcoal) -- Map showing coal deposits
Other energy resources that are not coal or petroleum (resergother) -- Map of
energy resources that does not include petroleum or coal
Water (reswat) -- Maps of ground water aquifers, water quality, etc.
Other (resother) -- Other assorted map information (e.g. geothermal resources)
Earthquakes (hazeq) -- Maps related to earthquake hazards (e.g. faults, earthquake zones)
Volcanoes (hazvolc) -- Maps related to volcano hazards (e.g. eruption history)
Landslides (hazland) -- Maps of existing landslides or landslide potential
Environmental (hazenvir) -- Maps specifically noting environmental hazards
Other (hazother) -- Various hazards, not restricted to a single hazard
|lst ORDER TERMS||2nd ORDER TERMS||KEYWORDS IN TITLE OR TEXT|
|Geochronology (geochron)||Age determination of|
|Paleontology (paleo)||Fossil plants, Fossil animals, Fossil
record, Micropaleontology, |
Conodonts, Calcareous microfossils, Foraminifera, Radiolarians, Ostracods, etc.
|Geochemistry (geochem)||Geochemical anomaly of|
Geochemical analysis of
Chemical analysis of, Chemical composition
Isotope geochemistry, Igneous and metamorphic geochemistry
Determinative geochemistry Petrologic composition
|Geology||Bedrock and/or Surficial
NOTE: Keywords (to right) might be insufficient to assign a map to a category. After inspection, the map may be assigned to geolgenbed and/or geolgensur.
|Areal geology of |
General geology of
Geologic map of
Preliminary geologic map of
Thrust tectonics of
|Geology||Bedrock (geolgenbed)||Bedrock geologic map of|
Precambrian geology of
|Geology||Surficial (geolgensur)||Glacial deposits of|
Surficial geologic map of
Quaternary geologic map of
|Geology||Structure contours (geolstruc)||Structure contours of|
Depth to bedrock
|Geology||Engineering (geoleng)||Engineering geology of|
Engineering properties of
Environmental geology of
Military geology of
Geology for planning
Soil mechanics of
Urban geology of
Geotechnical properties of
(can also mean hazards, see below)
Nuclear reactor or Power plant siting
|Geophysics||Gravity (geopgrav)||Bouguer gravity|
|Geophysics||Radiometric (geoprad)||Aeroradioactivity map|
Natural radioactivity of
|Marine Geology||Geophysics (margeop)||Marine geophysics|
|Marine Geology||Coastal (margcoast)||Coastal erosion along|
Coastal changes of
|Marine Geology||Gloria (margloria)|
|Marine Geology||Other (marother)||Seabed composition or materials|
|Resources||Metals (resmet)||Economic geology of|
Mineral resources of
Mineral deposits of
Resource appraisal of, Assessment of
Metals (actinide series, alkali metals, aluminum, antimony, barium, beryllium, bismuth, cadmium, calcium, cerium, cesium, chromium, cobalt, columbium, copper, dysprosium, erbium, europium, francium, gallium, germanium, hafnium, gold, indium, iridium, iron, lanthanide series, lead, lithium, magnesium, magnetite, manganese, marble, mercury, metal ores, molybdenum, nickel, niobium, osmium, palladium, platinum, plutonium, protactinium, potassium, precious metals, quicksilver, radium, rare earth metals, rhenium, rhodium, rubidium, ruthenium, scandium, silver, sodium, steel, strontium, tantalum, technetium, thallium, thorium, tin, titanium, tungsten, uranium, vanadium, wolfram, yttrium, zinc, zirconium, etc.)
Strategic metals of
|Resources||Nonmetals (resnonmet)||Resource assessment of|
Economic geology of
Mineral resources of
Mineral deposits of
Resource appraisal of
Nonmetals (Abrasive materials, actinolite, agate, aggregates, alum, alunite, amber, amphiboles, apatite, argon, arsenic, asbestos, astatine, bauxite, bentonite, barites, biotite, boron, brick, bromine, building stone, carbonates, cement, ceramic materials, chlorine, chrysotile, clay, clay products, concrete, conglomerates, corundum, diamonds, diatomite, dolomite, emerald, emery, feldspar, fertilizers, fluorine, fluorite, fluorspar, fuller's earth, garnet, gems, gemstones, glass, granite, gravel, gypsum, halogens, helium, hydrogen, illite, iodine, inert gases, jade, kaolin, krypton, kyanite, laterite, lepidolite, lime, limestone, marble, margarite, mica, mineral paints, micaceous minerals, monazite, muscovite, onyx, neon, nitrates, nitrogen, ochre, opal, ornamental stone, oxygen, paragonite, pearls, phosphates, phosphorus, pigments, potash, potter's clay, potter's earth, pottery materials, porcelain, precious stones, pumice, quartz, quartzite, radon, refractory materials, ruby, salt, sand, sapphire, selenium, serpentinite, silicates, silicon, slate, smectite, soapstone, talc, tellurium, tripolite, vermiculite, volcanic ash, xenon, zeolite)
|Resources||Energy (resenergy)||Energy resources of|
Economic geology of
Fuel resources of
Mineral resources of
Mineral deposits of
|Map of fuel oil, natural gas, oil, oil shales, petroleum, oil wells, oilfields, shale, tar sands|
|Coal resources of|
Anthracite coal resources of
Bituminous coal resources of
Coal mines of
Other energy resources
|Uranium resources of |
Radioactive energy resources of
Geothermal resources map of
Hot springs maps of
Peat resources of
|Resources||Water (reswat)||Artesan wells|
Ground water resources
Hydrogeologic map of
Mineral waters of
Water resources of
Water wells of
|Resources||Other (resother)||Geothermal map of |
|Hazards||Earthquakes (hazeq)||Earthquake hazards map|
Fault map (This is as hazards not maps of faults as structural forms)
Seismic or seismology
(beware of confusing with seismic prospecting methods and seismic wave measurements )
Seismic hazards of
Active faults of
Seismic ground response
|Hazards||Volcanoes (hazvolc)||Lava flows |
Ash fall pattern
|Hazards||Landslides (hazland)||Debris flows|
|Hazards||Environmental (hazenvir)||Contamination of|
Environmental geology of
(Can also mean engineering geology, see above)
Environmental impact of
Nuclear plant hazards
|Hazards||Other (hazother)||Flooding |
Storm damage of
Toxic waste disposal
Mine and tunnel failures
General Rule: Use singular form except for the words "Water-Resources", "Studies", and "Investigations". Capitalize first letters of all words. Use dashes with "Open-File", "Water-Resources", and "Water-Supply".
The I-maps and the MF-maps are consistently numbered, but the series name often varies. It is more important to retain the designation I or MF linked to the number in these two series than it is for other series.
DDS = Digital Data Series
GF = Geologic Atlas of the United States Folio
(This series is commonly called Geologic Folios, but the selected name above is used in the database)
GP = no.1-5, 1945-1946 Geophysical Investigations Preliminary Map
GQ = Geologic Quadrangle Map
HA = Hydrologic Investigations Atlas
HU = Hydrologic Unit Map
I = 1+ 1954-1973, Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map
No. 800+ , smaller issue numbers published 1974-1996 [no clear-cut division]
Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map
(Don't use Miscellaneous Investigations Map)
August, 1996 + Geologic Investigations Map
MF = no. 1-306, 1950-1973, Mineral Investigations Field Studies Map
no. 307+, 1971+ Miscellaneous Field Studies Map
MR = Mineral Investigations Resource Map
OC = no.1-39, 1944-1950, Oil and Gas Investigations Preliminary Chart
no. 40+, 1950+ Oil and Gas Investigations Chart
OM = no. 1-109, 1943-1950, Oil and Gas Investigations Preliminary Map
no. 110+, 1950+ , Oil and Gas Investigations Map
PP = Professional Paper
WRI = 1972-1982 Water-Resources Investigations
1983- Water-Resources Investigations Report
(Do not use Water-Resources Investigations Open-File Report or Water-Resources Investigation Report)
WSP = no.1-214, 1896-1907, Water-Supply and Irrigation Paper
no. 215- Water-Supply Paper
As noted in the manual above, a map's bibliographic information may be entered into the NGMDB map catalog by either of two mechanisms: 1) a properly formatted file, and 2) the online entry form. For submittal of large number of records, the file method may be preferred, whereas the online entry form is useful for submitting records one at a time. Instructions on file format and procedure for using the online entry form are available at the NGMDB map catalog information Web site, http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Info/cathelp/.
The following are examples of USGS maps entered using the data input form: