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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Tonoloway limestone*
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Limestone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Ulrich, E.O., 1911, Revision of the Paleozoic systems: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 22, p. 281-680.


Summary:

Named the Tonoloway limestone on plate 28 for Tonoloway Ridge, Washington Co., MD. Unit only shows up on plate 28 as overlying the Wills Creek formation and underlying the Bossardville limestone in the PA, MD, and VA region. The Tonoloway is of Silurian age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Tonoloway Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Faill, R.T., Glover, A.D., and Way, J.H., 1989, Geology and mineral resources of the Blandburg, Tipton, Altoona, and Bellwood quadrangles, Blair, Cambria, Clearfield and Centre Counties, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geological Survey Topographic and Geologic Atlas, 4th series, 86, 209 p., scale 1:24,000 and 1:48,000


Summary:

Authors state that unit was named for an interval of distinctively laminated limestone between the Wills Creek shale and the Keyser nodular limestone exposed on the east flank of Tonoloway Ridge in Morgan Co., WV. The Tonoloway extends from east-central PA to eastern WV. The basal 50 m consists of medium-dark-gray laminated to thin-bedded calcisiltite with shale partings and interbeds. Overlying 5 m are light-yellowish-gray to olive-gray mudstone and shale. Above this interval are 75 m of laminated calcisiltite with interbeds of thick to very thick bedded calcisiltite. The remainder of the formation is cyclic, consisting of three or four resistant ledges of laminated limestone and shale. Uppermost 20 m contains a variety of limestones. Lower contact with the Wills Creek is probably conformable. Upper contact is conformable and undulatory, occurring at the base of the "calico" limestone of the Keyser Formation. Total thickness calculated form dip and map-pattern widths is 250+/-20 m. Best exposure in the study area is along the Little Juniata River, 2 km northeast of Bellwood.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Tonoloway Limestone*
  • Modifications:
    • Biostratigraphic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Harris, A.G., Stamm, N.R., Weary, D.J., Repetski, J.E., Stamm, R.G., and Parker, R.A., 1994, Conodont color alteration index (CAI) map and conodont-based age determinations for the Winchester 30' x 60' quadrangle and adjacent area, Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map, MF-2239, 1 sheet, 40 p., scale 1:100,000 [http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_294.htm]


Summary:

Conodont biostratigraphy indicates that the Tonoloway Limestone in the Winchester 30 X 60 minute quadrangle is of Late Silurian (late Ludlovian and Pridolian) age. Conodonts indicative of the Lower O. REMSCHEIDENSIS Subzone were recovered from the lower member, the H. PENICULUS Zone from the middle member, and the O. REMSCHEIDENSIS Zone from the upper member. The Ludlovian-Pridolian boundary appears to coincide with the boundary between the lower and middle members of the unit.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


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