National Geologic Map Database
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Sylamore Sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Illinois basin

Hasenmueller, N.R., 1993, New Albany Shale (Devonian and Mississippian) of the Illinois basin, IN Roen, J.B., and Kepferle, R.C., eds., Petroleum geology of the Devonian and Mississippian black shale of eastern North America: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1909-C, p. C1-C19.


Basal formation of the New Albany Group in central and western IL. Unit consists of subrounded to rounded fine to medium quartz sand cemented with calcite, dolomite, or pyrite. Phosphatic nodules, conodonts, fish teeth, and phosphatic brachiopods are common. Bed is bioturbated in most areas. Rarely exceeds 5 ft in thickness in western and central IL and is generally only a few inches thick. Unconformably rests on carbonate rocks ranging from Late Ordovician to Middle Devonian. The sandstone grades upward into the Sweetland Creek Shale or the Sweetland Creek and Grassy Creek Shales undifferentiated. Sylamore and overlying shales are time transgressive becoming younger northward and westward. Conodonts indicate a an early Late Devonian age. Thin quartz sandstone beds at the base of the Selmier in southeastern IN may be correlative with the Sylamore.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).

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