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National Geologic Map Database
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Rockyford ash [unranked]
  • Modifications:
    • Principal reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Ash
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Chadron arch
Publication:

Harksen, J.C., Macdonald, J.R., and Sevon, W.D., 1961, New Miocene formation in South Dakota: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 45, no. 5, p. 674-678. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

A volcanic ash bed at base of Sharps formation (new) of Arikaree group. Type section is at Sheep Mountain Table, SE1/4 NE1/4 NE1/4 sec 32, T43N, R44W, Shannon Co, SD on the Chadron arch. Named for town of Rockyford 10 mi southeast. Consists of white, buff, tan, and red-brown layers with varying amount of silt. Poorly consolidated. Well compacted. As much as 38 ft thick. Not specifically identified in two measured sections. Shown on columnar diagram above Brule formation and below unnamed part of Sharps formation. Miocene age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Rockyford Member
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Ash
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Chadron arch
    • Sioux uplift
Publication:

Nicknish, J.M., and Macdonald, J.R., 1962, Basal Miocene ash in White River badlands, South Dakota: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 46, no. 5, p. 685-690. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Assigned as the basal member (formerly an unranked term) of Sharps Formation [of Arikaree Group] for town of Rockyford, Shannon Co, SD. Type section designated in SE1/4 NE1/4 NE1/4 sec 32, T43N, R44W, on south end of Sheep Mountain Table. Shown as present also in Pennington Co, Williston basin and Washabaugh and Jackson Cos, Sioux uplift (map). Is a white volcanic ash that has been assigned to the Sharps, Monroe Creek, Harrison, and Rosebud Formations by various authors. Is widely, but discontinuously, exposed in White River Badlands, capping many of the higher buttes. Overlies Brule Formation; underlies upper part of Sharps. Ranges from 2 ft to 55 ft thick. A prominent feature of the ash are small pipe concretions, oriented vertically that range from pencil to thumb size, and most are less than 3-4 in long. Ash also contains many clastic dikes composed of same material as host rock thought by writers to have developed in cracks resulting from compaction of underlying Tertiary sediments on the eroded Cretaceous foundation. However other theories could explain dike formation. Ash may have been derived from Yellowstone. Miocene age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


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