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Geologic Unit: Lay Dam
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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Graywacke
    • Slate
    • Phyllite
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Carrington, T.J., 1972, Meta-Paleozoic rocks, Chilton County, Alabama; Field trip no. 1, IN Guide to Alabama Geology: Geological Society of America, Southeastern Section, Guidebook for Field Trips, [21st] annual meeting, p. 1-29.


Summary:

Named Lay Dam Formation of the Talladega Group for gray-green to black, bouldery graywacke with intercalated slate and phyllite. Thickness ranges from 1800-3600 m. Unit includes the Miller Mill Quartzite and Kalona Quartzite Members. The Lay Dam Formation underlies the upper portion of the Butting Ram Sandstone and is considered of Early Devonian age.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Cook, T.A., 1982, Stratigraphy and structure of the central Talladega slate belt, Alabama Appalachians, IN Bearce, D.N., and others, eds., Tectonic studies in the Talladega and Carolina slate belts, southern Appalachian Orogen: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 191, p. 47-59.


Summary:

Lay Dam Formation is subdivided into Cheaha Quartzite Member and Erin Slate Member (reduced from formation rank). Underlies Butting Ram Sandstone. Unconformably overlies Sylacauga Marble Group. Age given as Devonian.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Higgins, M.W., Atkins, R.L., Crawford, T.J., Crawford, R.F., III, Brooks, Rebekah, and Cook, R.B., Jr., 1988, The structure, stratigraphy, tectonostratigraphy, and evolution of the southernmost part of the Appalachian Orogen, Georgia and Alabama: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1475, 173 p., (incl. geologic map, scale 1:500,000)


Summary:

The Lay Dam Formation of Carrington (1972) of the Talladega Group in the Talladega thrust slice in the Rome thrust sheet in northern AL is accepted by the USGS. It includes the Cheaha Quartzite Member. Discordantly overlies lower Paleozoic (mostly Knox Group) rocks of the carbonate shelf sequence in the Rome thrust sheet, and underlies Butting Ram Sandstone. Age is Early Devonian.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Raymond, D.E., Osborne, W.E., Copeland, C.W., and Neathery, T.L., 1988, Alabama stratigraphy: Geological Survey of Alabama Circular, no. 140, 97 p.


Summary:

Lay Dam Formation of Talladega Group consists of polymictic greenish-gray thick and irregularly bedded metaclastics (graywacke, siltstone, sandstone, and arkose). May include thin zones of chlorite schist, graphite slate and bluish-gray to grayish-orange silty limestone. Contains quartzite beds and a conglomeratic facies of bouldery metagraywacke with clasts up to 3 ft in diameter in Coosa and Chilton Cos. In Cleburne and Calhoun Cos, the Lay Dam includes rocks previously assigned to the Abel Gap Formation of Bearce (1973), which consist of interbedded greenish-gray metasiltstone and quartzite, black phyllitic metasiltstone, medium-gray to greenish-gray arkosic quartzite, and dark-gray pyritic quartzite. Includes three members: the Miller Mill Quartzite Member, the Erin Slate Member and the Cheaha Quartzite Member. A significant regional angular unconformity is present at the base of the Lay Dam. Age is Silurian(?) to Devonian(?).

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
    • Biostratigraphic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Tull, J.F., Harris, A.G., Repetski, J.E., McKinney, F.K., Garrett, C.B., and Bearce, D.N., 1988, New paleontologic evidence constraining the age and paleotectonic setting of the Talladega slate belt, southern Appalachians: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, no. 8, p. 1291-1299.


Summary:

Conodonts from the top of the Lay Dam Formation and fossils from the stratigraphically higher Jemison Chert, both of the Talladega Group, restrict the age of the upper Lay Dam to Silurian to Early Devonian. These and other conodonts discovered at Carara in the Sylacauga Marble Group constrain the age of the unconformity at the base of the Lay Dam to late Early Ordovician to Early Devonian. The entire Lay Dam sequence was probably rapidly deposited and the diamictite facies is found both at the base and the top of the unit, making it likely that the entire Lay Dam is as young as Silurian or Early Devonian.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Tull, J.F., and Telle, W.R., 1989, Tectonic setting of olistostromal units and associated rocks in the Talladega slate belt, Alabama Appalachians, IN Horton, J.W., Jr., and Rast, Nicholas, eds., Melanges and olistostromes of the U.S. Appalachians: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 228, p. 247-269.


Summary:

Extent of unit not well defined because of concealment below Mesozoic sediments of Gulf Coastal Plain and lack of detailed mapping to the northeast. Lay Dam is at least partly correlative with Heflin Phyllite of Cleburne Co. Unit may extend into Talladega belt of GA and perhaps can be correlated with Mineral Bluff Formation of GA and NC. Probable age range is Silurian to Early Devonian; unlikely that lower part is as old as Middle or Late Ordovician.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Lay Dam Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Piedmont-Blue Ridge province
Publication:

Bearce, D.N., 1991, Nappes of Lower Cambrian strata in eastern Alabama; Talladega slate belt-Foreland boundary redefined: American Journal of Science, v. 291, no. 7, p. 711-735.


Summary:

Lay Dam Formation lithologically resembles the Heflin phyllite (of Bearce, 1973). Both formations are stratigraphically overlain by the Cheaha Quartzite (Butts, 1926) (Abel Gap Formation of Bearce, 1973). The Lay Dam unconformably overlies units as young as Early Ordovician, most noticeably the Sylacauga Marble Group. The Heflin-Chilhowee contact may also be unconformable, and if so, the Heflin should probably be renamed Lay Dam.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


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