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National Geologic Map Database
Geologic Unit: Harper
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper sandstones
    • Harper beds
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Shale
    • Sandstone
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Sedgwick basin
Publication:

Cragin, F.W., 1896, The Permian system in Kansas: Colorado College Studies, v. 6, p. 1-48., See also "Modern classifications of the Permian rocks of Kansas and Nebraska," compiled by M.G. Wilmarth, Secretary of Committee on Geologic Names, USGS unpub. corr. chart, Oct. 1936, 1 sheet


Summary:

Pg. 3, 18-20. Harper sandstones of beds. More or less mottled but prevailingly dull-red or brownish-red argillaceous and arenaceous shales and sandstones, several hundred feet thick, composing basal formation of Kiger division and Cimarron series. Thickness several hundred feet. Overlies, probably unconformably, Wellington shale and underlies Salt Plain measures. Includes at base transitional beds of calcareous shale which might perhaps be reckoned equally well as constituting the summit of the Wellington. Age is Permian.
Named from exposures in Harper Co., central southern KS.
[GNC remark (US geologic names lexicon, USGS Bull. 896, p. 913): In northern Oklahoma is represented in Enid formation.]

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 913); GNC KS-NE Permian Corr. Chart, Oct. 1936.


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
Publication:

Gould, C.N., 1902, General geology of Oklahoma: Oklahoma Department of Geology and Natural History Biennial Report, no. 2, p. 17-68.


Summary:

Harper sandstone in Kingfisher formation. Underlies Salt Plain member of Kingfisher formation; overlies Wellington shale. Age is Permian (Salt Fork).

Source: GNC KS-NE Permian Corr. Chart, Oct. 1936.


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
Publication:

Norton, G.H., 1937, Lower Red-Beds of Kansas [abs.]: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 21, no. 12, p. 1557-1558. [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Pg. 1557. Harper sandstone. Includes (ascending) Ninnescah shale (new), Stone Corral, Chikaskia sandstone (new), and Kingman sandstone (new) members. Age is Permian.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1681).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper redbeds
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
Publication:

Ver Wiebe, W.A., 1937, The Wellington formation of central Kansas: Wichita Municipal University Bulletin, v. 12, no. 5, p. 3-18.


Summary:

Pg. 11. Typical Harper redbeds overlie Afton limestone member (new) of Wellington formation. Age is Permian.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1681).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
Publication:

Norton, G.H., 1939, Permian red beds of Kansas, with discussions by R.K. DeFord and D.A. Green: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 23, no. 12, p. 1751-1819., See also Oil Weekly, v. 93, no. 3, p. 70, 1939 [abs.] [Available online, with subscription, from AAPG archives: http://www.aapg.org/datasystems or http://search.datapages.com]


Summary:

Pg. 1782-1786. Harper sandstone of Nippewalla group. Assigned to Nippewall group (new) and restricted below to exclude Ninnescah shale and Stone Corral formations. Age is Permian.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1681).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper sandstone
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
Publication:

Moore, R.C., Frye, J.C., and Jewett, J.M., 1944, Tabular description of outcropping rocks in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 52, pt. 4, p. 137-212.


Summary:

Pg. 159. Harper sandstone of Nippewalla group. Includes (ascending) Chikaskia member and Kingman sandstone member. Thickness about 220 feet. Overlies Stone Corral dolomite of Sumner group; underlies Salt Plain formation; northward is overlapped by Cenozoic rocks. Outcrops are in Harper, Kingman, Reno, and Rice Counties. Age is Early Permian (Leonard).

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1681).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Harper siltstone
  • Modifications:
    • Overview
Publication:

Jewett, J.M., 1959, Graphic column and classification of rocks in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey


Summary:

Harper siltstone of Nippewalla group. Comprises (ascending) Chikaskia siltstone and Kingman siltstone members. Overlies Stone Corral formation; underlies Salt Plain siltstone. Age is Permian.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 1200, p. 1681).


For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates published by U.S. Geological Survey authors.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

Slash (/) indicates name does not conform with nomenclatural guidelines (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). This may be explained within brackets ([ ]).