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National Geologic Map Database
Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Greenland Gap Group
  • Modifications:
    • Named
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Sandstone
    • Siltstone
    • Shale
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Dennison, J.M., 1970, Stratigraphic divisions of Upper Devonian Greenland Gap Group ("Chemung Formation") along Allegheny Front in West Virginia, Maryland, and Highland County, Virginia: Southeastern Geology, v. 12, no. 1, p. 53-82.


Summary:

Greenland Gap Group here proposed to replace Chemung Formation, which has been abandoned in its type locality (NY), and is therefore no longer considered a valid stratigraphic name. This sedimentary unit divided into ascending newly named Scherr and Foreknobs Formations. Foreknobs further divided into basal Mallow Member, Briery Gap Sandstone Member, Blizzard Member, Pound Sandstone Member, and an unnamed siltstone and sandstone member. Group measures 2325 ft (708 m) at type section in Grant Co. near Greenland Gap and ranges to 3885 ft (1180 m). Underlies Hampshire Formation and overlies Brallier Formation. Age is Late Devonian.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Greenland Gap Formation
  • Modifications:
    • Revised
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • Appalachian basin
Publication:

Boswell, R.M., Donaldson, A.C., and Lewis, J.S., 1987, Subsurface stratigraphy of the Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian of northern West Virginia: Southeastern Geology, v. 28, no. 2, p. 105-131.


Summary:

Greenland Gap is extended west of the Allegheny Front where it is present in the subsurface. Foreknobs and Scherr Formations are not recognized in study area, hence unit is reduced to formation rank. Use of Greenland Gap Formation replaces term "Chemung" for thick marine shale, siltstone, and sandstone lithosome. Unit is highly time-transgressive, the base rising approximately 420 m across West Virginia. In Preston Co., unit includes (ascending) Pound and Red Lick Members, "Bradford," "Balltown," and "Speechley" intervals (drillers' terms), in Harrison Co., "Bradford" is basal unit, while "Warren," "Bayard," and "Fifth" occur above "Speechley"; in Tyler Co., WV, and eastern OH "Warren" is basal unit while upper part is undivided. Upper contacts vary. Underlies Berea Ss (Tyler Co.), Venango Formation (Harrison Co.) and newly named Cannon Hill Formation of Hampshire Group (rank raised) (Preston Co.); everywhere overlies Brallier Formation, which includes strata much younger than previously thought.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates usage by the U.S. Geological Survey. Other usages by state geological surveys.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

Slash (/) indicates name does not conform with nomenclatural guidelines (CSN, 1933; ACSN, 1961, 1970; NACSN, 1983, 2005). This may be explained within brackets ([ ]).