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National Geologic Map Database
Geologic Unit: Barnard
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Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Barnard gneiss
  • Modifications:
    • Original reference
  • Dominant lithology:
    • Gneiss
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • New England province
Publication:

Richardson, C.H., 1924, The terranes of Bethel, Vermont, IN Perkins, G.H., Report of the State Geologist on the mineral industries and geology of Vermont, 1923-1924: Vermont Geological Survey [Report of the State Geologist], 14th, p. 77-103.


Summary:

Pg. 91-92. Barnard gneiss. Acid intrusive gneiss forming continuous outcrop for several miles in Barnard Township, [Windsor County, southeastern Vermont]. Composes prominent ridge on west side of Locust Creek north of village of Barnard, but before it enters Bethel, on north, it forms prominent ridge on both sides of Locust Creek. Is light gray, tinged with green from presence of a little chlorite and epidote. Of gneissoid structure and medium to coarse grained texture. Exact age unknown. That it is pre-Ordovician seems certain, and it may be pre-Cambrian.

Source: US geologic names lexicon (USGS Bull. 896, p. 113).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Barnard gneiss
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • New England province
Publication:

Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Barnard Volcanic Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
    • Geochronologic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • New England province
Publication:

Aleinikoff, J.N., and Karabinos, Paul, 1990, Zircon U-Pb data for the Moretown and Barnard Volcanic Members of the Missisquoi Formation and a dike cutting the Standing Pond Volcanics, IN Slack, J.F., ed., Summary results of the Glens Falls CUSMAP Project, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1887-D, p. D1-D10.


Summary:

New U-Pb zircon data indicate an age of 418+/-1 Ma (Silurian) for the Barnard Volcanic Member of Missisquoi Formation. Another sample, thought to be from Barnard, yielded an Early Cambrian age; this leads to one of two possibilities: either the rock was not actually from Barnard as was thought, or the zircons were detrital or xenocrystic in origin.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Barnard Volcanic Member*
  • Modifications:
    • Areal extent
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • New England province
Publication:

Thompson, J.B., Jr., 1990, An introduction to the geology and Paleozoic history of the Glens Falls 1 degree x 2 degrees quadrangle, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire, IN Slack, J.F., ed., Summary results of the Glens Falls CUSMAP project, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1887-A, p. A1-A13.


Summary:

In Glens Falls quad, rocks of eastern Green Mountain terrane, east of Richardson Memorial Contact (an eastward-facing unconformity or possibly a tectonic contact) include the Hoosac, Pinney Hollow, Ottauquechee, and Stowe Formations (of probable Cambrian through Early Ordovician age), Moretown Formation (probably Ordovician), and Barnard Volcanic Member of Missisquoi Formation [unclear as to its stratigraphic position or age here]. West of Richardson Memorial Contact, rocks include conglomeratic units such as Tyson Formation as used by Doll and others (1961) [no age provided, but presumably Cambrian].

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Barnard Gneiss
  • Modifications:
    • Geochronologic dating
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • New England province

Map showing publication footprint
  • Usage in publication:
    • Barnard Gneiss*
  • Modifications:
    • Age modified
  • AAPG geologic province:
    • New England province
Publication:

Ratcliffe, N.M., 2000, Bedrock geologic map of the Cavendish quadrangle, Windsor County, Vermont: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map, GQ- 1773, 1 sheet, 19 p., scale 1:24,000 [Available online from the USGS PubsWarehouse: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/gq/gq1773]


Summary:

The Barnard Gneiss consists of layered felsic and mafic gneiss. Unit is heterogeneous consisting of light-gray, magnetite-hornblende-biotite-plagioclase-quartz granofels, hornblende fascicle schist or dark-gray to greenish-gray-weathering, biotite-hornblende-plagioclase amphibolite. Passes laterally into rusty weathering amphibolite. Overlies rusty weathering sulfidic schist of the Moretown Formation. The age of the Barnard is Ordovician and Silurian. U-Pb age on zircon from felsic, probably youngest, nearly concordant intrusive phase of Barnard yields date of 418+/-1 Ma (Aleinikoff and Karabinos, 1990), which gives an upper age of probably Late Silurian. Elsewhere, Barnard contains zircon dated as old as Middle Ordovician or even Cambrian (Aleinikoff and Karabinos, 1990). Age is most probably Ordovician to Silurian.

Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Reston GNULEX).


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For more information, please contact Nancy Stamm, Geologic Names Committee Secretary.

Asterisk (*) indicates usage by the U.S. Geological Survey. Other usages by state geological surveys.

"No current usage" (†) implies that a name has been abandoned or has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ( ).

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