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Geologic Unit: Kanawha

Kanawha Formation (VA*,WV*)
Kanawha Group (AL?,WV)
Kanawha Member of Pottsville Formation (WV)
Kanawha black flint (informal) (WV)
For informal usage, the rank or lithologic term should not be capitalized.

Pennsylvanian, Middle*

Geologic Province:
Appalachian basin*

Areal Extent:

Type Locality:
Exposed in hills north of Kanawha Falls, west-central WV (Campbell and Mendenhall, 1896).

Betsie Shale Member (WV*). Dingess Shale Member (WV*). Winifrede Shale Member (WV*). Bearwallow Sandstone Member (VA*). Chicken Ridge Sandstone Member (VA*)

Unit Name History:
Named Kanawha Formation (Campbell and Mendenhall, 1896).
Revised to Kanawha Group (Price and Heck, 1939).
Biostratigraphic dating (Read and Mamay, 1960).
Overview (Cardwell and others, 1968).
Extended group into AL (Shotts, 1971).
Not used by AL Geol. Survey (D.E. Raymond and others, 1988, Alabama Geol. Survey Circ., no. 140, 97 p.) [Not synopsized].
Overview (Nolde, 1994).
Revised (Blake and others, 1994).
Correlation information; Overview (Rice and others, 1994a).
Areal limits (Rice and others, 1994b).

Note: If you need more information, please contact Nancy Stamm (
Asterisks (*) indicate usage by the U.S. Geological Survey. Other usages by state geological surveys.

"No current usage" implies that a name has been abandoned or that it has fallen into disuse. Former usage and, if known, replacement name given in parentheses ().

Slashes (/) indicate unit name usage violates the 1983 North American Stratigraphic Code. This violation may be explained within brackets ([ ]).

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
Database project personnel
Last modified: 15-Jan-2013