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Geologic Unit: Grassy Mountain

Publication:
Sides, J.R., 1976, Stratigraphy of volcanic rocks in Lake 
   Killarney quadrangle, Iron and Madison Counties, Missouri, 
   IN Kisvarsanyi, E.B., ed., Studies in Precambrian Geology of 
   Missouri, with a guide to selected parts of the St. Francois 
   Mountains, Missouri: Missouri Geological Survey Report of 
   Investigations, no. 61, p. 105-113., Also, Contribution to 
   Precambrian geology, no. 6.
Usage in Publication:
Grassy Mountain ignimbrite

Modifications: Geologic Province: Dominant Lithology:
 Named
 Midcontinent region
 Ignimbrite

Summary:
Named as an informal field term for typical exposures on Grassy Mountain, for which unit is named, Iron Co, MO, Midcontinent region. Exposed in north-central, central and southern part of quad. Weathered outcrops are generally low relief and locally have columnar jointing. Fresh samples of ignimbrite contain prominent phenocrysts of quartz and reddish alkali feldspar in black to very dark-maroon matrix; weathered surfaces are gray with many visible quartz and feldspar phenocrysts; pumice fragments are not common, though when present are weathered to pinkish color and thus stand out. Thickness varies from place to place; is about 300 m thick in northern part of quad; thickens to south where it may be as thick as 1,000-2,000 m. Unconformably underlies Pilot Knob felsite; overlies Lake Killarney unit (new, informal). Petrographic description; generalized geologic map. Replaces in part Pilot Knob felsite and Stouts Creek Rhyolite as mapped by Tolman and Robertson (1969). Precambrian age.
Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Publication:
Pratt, W.P., Anderson, R.E., Berry, A.W., Jr., Bickford, M.E., 
   Kisvarsanyi, E.B., and Sides, J.R., 1979, Geologic map of 
   exposed Precambrian rocks, Rolla 1 degrees by 2 degrees 
   quadrangle, Missouri: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous 
   Investigations Series Map, I-1161, 8 p., 1 sheet, scale 
   1:125,000, Prepared in cooperation with the Missouri Division 
   of Geology and Land Survey.
Usage in Publication:
Grassy Mountain Ignimbrite*

Modifications: Geologic Province: Dominant Lithology:
 Areal limits
 Revised
 Midcontinent region
 

Summary:
Revised to formal unit [though not specifically stated] because it is distinctive, easily recognizable and widespread. Grassy Mountain is extended beyond Lake Killarney quad [where it was defined as an informal field term by Sides (1976)], northward to Simms Mountain area northeast of Bismarck, St. Francois Co and southward to Patterson Mountain area, about 10 mi south-southeast of Ironton, in Iron and Madison Cos; megascopically identical rocks also occur in isolated outcrops west of Caledonia, Washington Co and east of Fredericktown, Madison Co and a larger mass underlies an area of 12 sq mi northwest of Fredericktown, all in southeast MO, Midcontinent region. Thus remnants of unit occur over an area of about 450 sq mi. Replaces part of Stouts Creek Rhyolite at west end of Stouts Creek Shut-ins. Precambrian age.
Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Publication:
Sides, J.R., Bickford, M.E., Shuster, R.D., and Nusbaum, R.L., 
   1981, Calderas in the Precambrian terrane of the St. Francois 
   Mountains, southeastern Missouri, IN Granites and rhyolites: 
   Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets, 
   v. 86, no. 11, p. 10,349-10,364.
Usage in Publication:
Grassy Mountain ignimbrite

Modifications: Geologic Province: Dominant Lithology:
 Overview
 Revised
 Midcontinent region
 

Summary:
Mapped in eastern St. Francois Mountains, Midcontinent region. [Not clear if authors intended stratigraphic units within study area to be formal or informal.] Unit is at least 1000 m thick on Kelley Mountain, in southeast part of Lake Killarney quad. Some important features of unit are: 1) its distinctive lithology consisting of abundant phenocrysts of quartz and salmon-colored perthite in dark-maroon to black matrix (crushed pumice fragments are generally quite rare, although are locally abundant); 2) its lithologic uniformity throughout its thickness; and 3) its matrix is everywhere granular and does not show well-developed eutaxitic texture that characterizes many of thinner ash flow tuffs higher in section. Table of stratigraphic units; geologic map. Younger than Lake Killarney formation (revised); older than Iron Mountain Lake felsite (first used). Most volcanic rocks of St. Francois Mountains are 1485 m.y. old (Proterozoic).
Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Publication:
Sides, J.R., 1981, Geology of the Ketcherside Mountain area, 
   southeastern Missouri, and the source of Grassy Mountain 
   Ignimbrite: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 92, 
   no. 9, pt. 1, p. 686-693.
Usage in Publication:
Grassy Mountain Ignimbrite

Modifications: Geologic Province: Dominant Lithology:
 Areal limits
 Overview
 Midcontinent region
 

Summary:
In Ketcherside Mountain area of St. Francois Mountains, southeast MO, Midcontinent region, rocks previously mapped as Stouts Creek Rhyolite (not used) by Tolman and Robertson (1969) are here mapped as Grassy Mountain Ignimbrite and as informal Ketcherside Mountain ignimbrite. Thickness of Grassy Mountain is about 1000 m (ranging from 280-1580 m) and is exposed over an area of 32 sq km, thus, its minimum volume is 32 cu km. The combined original volume of Grassy Mountain and Taum Sauk Rhyolite was probably over 100 cu km which corresponds to ash-flow tuffs produced from calderas elsewhere as reported by other workers. Grassy Mountain was produced by Butler Hill caldera in eastern St. Francois Mountains and Taum Sauk was produced by Taum Sauk caldera in western St. Francois Mountains. Geologic map (fig. 3). Table 1 shows comparison of nomenclature with previous workers. Oldest mapped unit in area though overlies (probably conformably) Lake Killarney Formation; underlies with angular unconformity an unnamed quartz bearing rhyolite. St. Francois Mountains igneous rocks are about 1500 m.y. old (Precambrian).
Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Publication:
Kisvarsanyi, E.B., Hebrank, A.W., and Ryan, R.F., 1981, Guidebook 
   to the geology and ore deposits of the St. Francois Mountains, 
   Missouri: Missouri Division of Geology and Land Survey Report 
   of Investigations, no. 67, 119 p., Also, Contribution to 
   Precambrian Geology, no. 9.
Usage in Publication:
Grassy Mountain Ignimbrite

Modifications: Geologic Province: Dominant Lithology:
 Revised
 Midcontinent region
 

Summary:
Assigned as middle of three formations to Butler Hill Group (rank raised) of St. Francois Mountains Volcanic Supergroup (revised) [same name used for different units]. Study area is St. Francois Mountains, southeast MO, Midcontinent region. Nomenclature listed in table 1. Younger than Lake Killarney Formation (revised) of Butler Hill; older than Pilot Knob Felsite (revised) of Butler Hill. Precambrian Y age.
Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).


Publication:
Nusbaum, R.L., 1987, Recognition of a Proterozoic cauldron 
   boundary in southeastern Missouri: Southeastern Geology, v. 
   27, no. 4, p. 219-227.
Usage in Publication:
Grassy Mountain Ignimbrite

Modifications: Geologic Province: Dominant Lithology:
 Overview
 Midcontinent region
 

Summary:
Mapped (fig. 1) in parts of Iron Mountain Lake and Graniteville quads, central St. Francois Mountains, MO, Midcontinent region. Occurs north, east, and southeast of regional angular unconformity. (Rocks east and north of unconformity are older than rocks west of it). Consists of thin locally developed crystal-depleted base and thick (500 m) cooling unit. Contains perthitic alkali feldspar and quartz and rare Fe-Ti oxides and altered remnants of biotite and hornblende. Chemically similar to Butler Hill Granite and is thought to be outflow unit for Butler Hill caldera. Petrologic data. Younger than Lake Killarney Formation; older than Stono Granite. Proterozoic age (1440-1480 Ma).
Source: GNU records (USGS DDS-6; Denver GNULEX).